Sextus Julius Frontinus

Liber Secundus

Dispositis primo libro exemplis instructuris, ut mea fert opinio, ducem in his, quae ante commissum proelium agenda sunt, deinceps reddemus pertinentia ad ea, quae in ipso proelio agi solent, et deinde ea, quae post proelium.

Eorum, quae ad proelium pertinent, species sunt:

I. De tempore ad pugnam eligendo.

II. De loco ad pugnam eligendo.

III. De acie ordinanda.

IIII. De acie hostium turbanda.

V. De insidiis.

VI. De emittendo hoste, ne clausus proelium ex desperatione redintegret.

VII. De dissimulandis adversis.

VIII. De restituenda per constantiam acie.

Eorum deinde, quae post proelium agenda sunt, has esse species existimaverim:

VIIII. Si res prospere cesserit, de consummandis reliquiis belli.

X. Si res durius cesserit, de adversis emendandis.

XI. De dubiorum animis in fide retinendis.

XII. Quae facienda sint pro castris, si satis fiduciae in praesentibus copiis non habeamus.

XIII. De effugiendo.


Stratagems, II

Book II

Having in Book I given classes of examples which, as I believe, will suffice to instruct a general in those matters which are to be attended to before beginning battle, I will next in order present examples which bear on those things that are usually done in the battle itself, and then those that come subsequent to the engagement.

Of those which concern the battle itself, there are the following classes:

I. On choosing the time for battle.

II. On choosing the place for battle.

III. On the disposition of troops for battle.

IV. On creating panic in the enemy’s ranks.

V. On ambushes.

VI. On letting the enemy escape, lest, brought to bay, he renew the battle in desperation.

VII. On concealing reverses.

VIII. On restoring morale by firmness.

Of the matters which deserve attention after battle, I consider that there are the following classes:

IX. On bringing the war to a close after a successful engagement.

X. On repairing one’s losses after a reverse.

XI. On ensuring the loyalty of those whom one mistrusts.

XII. What to do for the defence of the camp, in case a commander lacks confidence in his present forces.

XIII. On retreating.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.frontinus-stratagems.1925