et Ptolomaeo simul, qui iam profectus ex urbe erat, et Publio Lentulo consuli, paranti iam iter, cogitare secundo quidem populi rumore coepit.”

F 5 Cic. Q Fr. 2.5.4 = 2.4.6

C. Cato contionatus est comitia haberi non siturum si sibi cum populo dies agendi essent exempti.


P. Clodius Pulcher (tr. pl. 58 BC; RE Clodius 48) was a brother of Ap. Claudius Pulcher (130) and thus a member of the patrician gens Claudia. In 59 BC he transferred to the plebs by adoption, so that he could become a Tribune of the People; presumably from then onward he used the name Clodius instead of Claudius (on his career, see Tatum 1999; on his policies, see Benner 1987). Clodius was recognized as an eloquent speaker (Cic. Att. 4.15.4; Vell. Pat. 2.45.1; Plut. Caes. 9.2).

As a young man, Clodius prosecuted L. Sergius Catilina (112) on a charge of extortion in 65 BC, but Catiline was acquitted (TLRR 212; Cic. Pis. 23; Asc. in Cic. Pis. 23 [p.9.17–18 C.], in Cic. Tog. cand. [pp.85.10–20, 89.9–12, 92.8–10 C.]).

During the night of December 4, 62 BC, Clodius, in disguise, entered Bona Dea cult celebrations, which were being held at C. Iulius Caesar’s (121) house and were open only to women. When caught, he was brought to trial be-



at the same time against both Ptolomaeus [Ptolemy XII], who had already set off from the city [of Rome], and Publius Lentulus, the consul [P. Cornelius Lentulus Spinther, cos. 57 BC], who was just preparing his departure.”

F 5 Cicero, Letters to Quintus

C. Cato declared in a public meeting that he would not allow elections to be held if the days for interacting with the People in the assembly were taken away from him.


fore a special court but acquitted, probably owing to bribery (TLRR 236; Cic. Att. 1.16; Clod. et Cur. [Crawford 1994, 227–63]; Schol. Bob. ad Cic. Clod. et Cur. [p.85.16–34 St.]; Val. Max. 8.5.5). In early 52 BC Clodius was attacked and killed by T. Annius Milo (138) and some of his followers on the Via Appia.

As Tribune of the People in 58 BC, Clodius proposed many laws. The best known is the Lex Clodia de capite civis Romani (LPPR, pp.394–95), according to which anyone who killed a Roman citizen without trial was to be exiled; this measure was aimed at Cicero, who had arranged for the execution of the captured Catilinarian conspirators at the end of his consular year in 63 BC (CCMR, App. A: 296); the Lex Clodia de exilio Ciceronis (LPPR, pp.395–96) confirmed Cicero’s exile. Further speeches to the People by Clodius in 57 BC are mentioned (Cic. Att. 4.3.4; CCMR, App. A: 311).

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019