fide non stetit. quae fides, Labiene, qui potuit sine senatus consulto dari? adeone hospes es huiusce urbis, adeone ignarus disciplinae consuetudinisque nostrae ut haec nescias, ut peregrinari in aliena civitate, non in tua magistratum gerere videare? [29] “quid iam ista C. Mario,” inquit, “nocere possunt, quoniam sensu et vita caret?”

F 2 Quint. Inst. 5.13.20

...eaque non modo in propositionibus aut rationibus, sed in toto genere actionis intuenda: an sit crudelis, ut Labieni in Rabirium lege perduellionis ...


As Tribune on the Political Situation (F1)

F 1 Asc. in Cic. Mil. 37 (pp. 41 KS = 46.21–47.9 C.)

Pisone et Gabinio coss. pulso Cicerone in exilium, cum III Idus Sextiles Pompeius in senatum venit, dicitur servo P. Clodi sica excidisse, eaque ad Gabinium consulem delata



and the same person broke it if it was not kept. This promise, Labienus, how could it be given without a decree of the Senate? Are you such a stranger to this city, so ignorant of our traditions and our custom as not to know this, so that you seem to be visiting in a foreign country, not holding a magistracy in your own? [29] “What harm,” he says, “can this do to C. Marius now, since he is without life and feeling?”

F 2 Quintilian, The Orator’s Education

...and those points [general principles of defining cases] are to be considered in connection not only with the statements of a case or the reasons given, but with the whole tenor of the pleading: whether it is cruel, as in Labienus’ prosecution of Rabirius under the law of treason ... [175 F 5] ...


L. Novius (tr. pl. 58 BC; RE Novius 7) was a Tribune of the People in 58 BC and, when appealed to, made a statement about political behavior and procedures in the heated atmosphere of the period (CCMR, App. A: 299).

As Tribune on the Political Situation (F 1)

F 1 Asconius on Cicero, Pro Milone

When Piso [L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (127)] and Gabinius [A. Gabinius] were consuls [58 BC] and Cicero had been driven into exile, when on the third day before the Ides of Sextilis [August 11] Pompey [Cn. Pompeius Magnus (111)] came into the Senate, a dagger is said to

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019