Tools

FRL V: ORATORY, PART 3

καὶ ἀντιδόσεις. [7] καλούμενος δὲ αὐτοκράτωρ καὶ στρατηγὸς, ἄλλοις τὰ στρατεύματα καὶ τὰς ἐπαρχίας παραδέδωκεν, αὐτὸς δὲ τῇ πόλει παρακάθηται στάσεις ἀγωνοθετῶν ἐν ταῖς παραγγελίαις καὶ θορύβους μηχανώμενος, ἐξ ὧν οὐ λέληθε δι᾿ ἀναρχίας μοναρχίαν ἑαυτῷ μνηστευόμενος.” [46.1] οὕτως μὲν ἠμύνατο τὸν Πομπήϊον.

127 L. CALPURNIUS PISO CAESONINUS

L. Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus (cos. 58, censor 50 BC; RE Calpurnius 90) was provincial governor in Macedonia after his consulship, while his colleague A. Gabinius administered Syria (on Piso’s career and oratory see van der Blom 2013; 2016, 181–203, on his speeches pp.313–14). Cicero argued for measures that would effectively recall the two men from their provinces in the speech De provinciis consularibus (56 BC). After his return to Rome, Piso delivered an invective against Cicero in the Senate (F 1);

To the People (F1A)

The main reason for Cicero’s invectives against Piso is his view that there was some responsibility on Piso’s part for Cicero having had to go into exile and not being recalled

F 1A Cic. Pis. 14

idem illo fere biduo productus in contionem ab eo cui sicam

48

127 L. CALPURNIUS PISO CAESONINUS

horses are now the mutual gifts of private persons. [7] And though called imperator and general, he has handed over to others his armies and his provinces, while he himself takes up his post near the city [of Rome], managing factions at the elections as though he were directing games and contriving disturbances, from which it is clear that by way of anarchy, he is seeking to win for himself a monarchy.” [46.1] With such words did Cato fend off Pompey.

127 L. CALPURNIUS PISO CAESONINUS

Cicero responded with the speech In Pisonem (55 BC), whereupon Piso replied with another oration against Cicero, which seems to have existed in writing (F 2).

As consul in 58 BC, Piso is attested to have spoken at a meeting of the People (F 1A; CCMR, App. A: 296) and to have appeared in public on other occasions (Cic. Red. sen. 17; Sest. 33; Cass. Dio 38.16.5–6). Earlier, the involvement of Piso as a prosecutor in a trial is recorded (TLRR 174; Cic. Div. Caec. 64).

To the People (F 1A)

during Piso’s consulship (58 BC). In this context Cicero refers to a speech Piso delivered at a meeting of the People that included criticism of Cicero’s consulship (63 BC).

F 1A Cicero, Against Piso

Then, about two days later you [Piso] were brought before a public meeting by the man [P. Clodius Pulcher (137), tr.

49
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019