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FRL V: ORATORY, PART 3

171 L. SEMPRONIUS ATRATINUS

L. Sempronius Atratinus (cos. suff. 34 BC; RE Sempronius 26), a biological son of L. Calpurnius Bestia and then adopted by a Sempronius, fought in Greece under M. An-

Against M. Caelius Rufus (F1–7)

In 56 BC, as a young man, Atratinus prosecuted M. Caelius Rufus (162), who took his (biological) father L. Calpurnius Bestia to court twice (162 F19–22); Atratinus was supported by L. Herennius Balbus (163 F1) and P. Clodius (164 F1). M. Caelius Rufus, charged under the Lex

F 1 Hieron. Ab Abr. 1996 = 21 a.C. (p.165e Helm)

Atratinus, qui septemdecim annos natus Caelium accusaverat, clarus inter oratores habetur ...

F 2 Quint. Inst. 11.1.68

aliquando etiam inferioribus praecipueque adulescentulis parcere aut videri decet. utitur hac moderatione Cicero pro Caelio contra Atratinum, ut eum non inimice corripere sed paene patrie monere videatur: nam et nobilis et iuvenis et non iniusto dolore venerat ad accusandum.

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171 L. SEMPRONIUS ATRATINUS

171 L. SEMPRONIUS ATRATINUS

tonius (159). After his consulship, he administered the province of Africa as proconsul and thereupon celebrated a triumph in 21 BC.

Against M. Caelius Rufus (F 1–7)

Plautia de vi, was successfully defended by himself (162 F23–28) as well as by M. Licinius Crassus Dives (102 F12–13) and Cicero (Cic. Cael.) (TLRR 275; Alexander 2002, 218–43).

F 1 Jerome, Chronicle

Atratinus, who at the age of seventeen had prosecuted Caelius, is regarded as famous among the orators ...

F 2 Quintilian, The Orator’s Education

Sometimes, again, it its appropriate to spare (or to seem to do so) our inferiors and especially the very young. Cicero uses such restraint in [the speech] on behalf of Caelius [Cic. Cael.] against Atratinus, so that he seems not to be attacking him as an enemy but admonishing him almost like a father: for he [Atratinus] was of noble birth and a young man and had come with not unjustified distress to the prosecution.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019