—ob hoc Antonio gratus. [2] a quo mox consule ingens etiam congiarium accepit, ut ei in Philippicis Cicero obicit [cf. Cic. Phil. 2.42–43]: “adhibes2 ioci causa magistrum, suffragio tuo et compotorum tuorum rhetorem, <cui>3 concessisti ut in te quae vellet diceret, salsum omnino hominem, sed materia facilis in te et in tuos <dicta>4 dicere.5 at quanta merces rhetori data est! audite, audite, patres conscripti, et cognoscite rei publicae volnera. duo milia iugerum campi Leontini Sex. Clodio rhetori assignasti—et quidem immunia—ut <populi Romani>6 tanta mercede nihil sapere disceres.”

T 3 Plut. Ant. 2.7–8

...ἀπῆρεν ἐκ τῆς Ἰταλίας εἰς τὴν Ἑλλάδα, καὶ διέτριβε τό τε σῶμα γυμνάζων πρὸς τοὺς στρατιωτικοὺς ἀγῶνας καὶ λέγειν μελετῶν. [8] ἐχρῆτο δὲ τῷ καλουμένῳ μὲν Ἀσιανῷ ζήλῳ τῶν λόγων, ἀνθοῦντι μάλιστα κατ᾿ ἐκεῖνον τὸν χρόνον, ἔχοντι δὲ πολλὴν ὁμοιότητα πρὸς τὸν βίον αὐτοῦ, κομπώδη καὶ φρυαγματίαν ὄντα καὶ κενοῦ γαυριάματος καὶ φιλοτιμίας ἀνωμάλου μεστόν.

T 4 Suet. Aug. 86.2–3

M. quidem Antonium ut insanum increpat, quasi ea scribentem, quae mirentur potius homines quam intellegant; deinde ludens malum et inconstans in eligendo genere



more—welcome to Antony. [2] When he [Antony] then soon became consul, he [Clodius] even received from him an enormous gift, as Cicero charges against him [Antony] in the Philippics [cf. Cic. Phil. 2.42–43]: “For the sake of jokes you employ a tutor, a rhetorician by your vote and those of your drinking companions, and you have allowed <him> to say anything he likes about you; a witty fellow, no doubt, but it is an easy matter to say <clever things> about you and your mates. But what a reward was given to the rhetorician! Listen, listen, Members of the Senate, and recognize the wounds of the Republic. You have assigned to Sex. Clodius the rhetorician two thousand iugera of the Leontine territory—and free of taxes too—so that at so great a price <to the Roman People> you [Antony] might learn to have no sense.”

T 3 Plutarch, Life of Antony

...he left Italy for Greece [in 58 BC], and he spent some time training the body for military exercises and studying to speak. [8] He adopted what was called the Asiatic style of speaking, which was greatly flourishing at that time and bore a strong resemblance to his own life, being boastful and arrogant, full of empty exultation and distorted ambition.

T 4 Suetonius, Life of Augustus

And as for Marc Antony, he [Augustus] rebukes him for being a madman, since he seemed to write what people would admire rather than understand. Then, ridiculing his

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019