Marc Antony (cos. 44, 34 BC; RE Antonius 30), a grandson of M. Antonius (65), was consul in 44 BC with C. Iulius Caesar (121) and, after the latter’s death, with P. Cornelius Dolabella; in 43 BC he was one of the triumviri. After the battle of Actium he killed himself at Alexandria (30 BC), upon the false rumor of Cleopatra’s death (on his life, see Plut. Ant.; on his literary output, see Huzar 1982, Calboli 1997, Mahy 2013; on his career and oratory, van der Blom 2016, 248–79, on his speeches pp.323–27).

Antony’s oratorical style is defined as Asiatic by ancient sources (T 3–4). He is said to have studied with Epidius (T1) and the Sicilian Sex. Clodius (T 2; cf. T 3), and he practiced declamation for training (T 5).

In addition to speeches, Antony wrote letters and mis-

T 1 Suet. Gram. et rhet. 28.1

<M.>1 Epidius, calumnia notatus, ludum dicendi aperuit docuitque inter ceteros M. Antonium et Augustum ...

T 2 Suet. Gram. et rhet. 29.1–2

Sextus Clodius, e Sicilia, Latinae simul Graecaeque eloquentiae professor, male oculatus et dicax par oculorum in amicitia M. Antoni triumviri extrisse1 se aiebat; eiusdem uxorem Fulviam, cui altera bucca inflatior erat, acumen stili temptare dixit, nec eo minus—immo vel magis




sives (Cic. Att. 10.8A, 14.13A; Phil. 5.33, 8.25–28, 12.1, 13.22–48; Joseph. AJ 14.12.2–6) and a work De sua ebrietate (Plin. HN 14.148).

Moreover, in addition to the instances detailed below, Antony vetoed a proposal for a decree of the Senate against C. Iulius Caesar (121) in early January 49 BC (Caes. BCiv. 1.2.7). In 45 BC Antony was forced to make a statement to a meeting of the People (Cic. Phil. 2.78; CCMR, App. A: 344). Having entered office as consul, Antony spoke in the Senate on January 1, 44 BC (Cic. Phil. 2.80–81). On February 15, 44 BC, at the festival of the Lupercalia, Antony delivered a speech while dressed as a Lupercus (Cic. Phil. 2.86, 2.111, 3.12; CCMR, App. A: 345). In 40 BC he spoke in the Senate about Herod (cf. 171 F8).

T 1 Suetonius, Lives of Illustrious Men. Grammarians and Rhetoricians

<M.> Epidius, infamous for false accusations, opened a school of oratory and taught, among others, Marc Antony and Augustus ...

T 2 Suetonius, Lives of Illustrious Men. Grammarians and Rhetoricians

Sextus Clodius, from Sicily, a teacher of both Greek and Latin oratory, a man with poor sight and a sharp tongue, used to say that he had worn out a pair of eyes during his friendship with Marc Antony, the triumvir. Of the latter’s wife, Fulvia, one of whose cheeks was somewhat swollen, he said that she tempted the point of the pen; and because of this [comment] he was not less—on the contrary, even

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019