cause of criticism with regard to colonies, Brutus calls upon the listeners to make themselves known if anyone had been settled in colonies or was about to be settled. When a large number have made themselves known, Brutus goes on to say that there will be rewards for achievements in wars against external enemies, but not by taking land from fellow citizens nor by dividing other people’s property among newcomers. L. Cornelius Sulla and Caesar had not followed convention in establishing colonies to the disad-

On Octavian to the People (F32)

F 32 Tac. Ann. 4.34.5

Antonii epistulae, Bruti contiones falsa quidem in Augustum probra, set multa cum acerbitate habent ...

Unplaced Fragment (F33)

F 33 Mar. Vict., GL VI, p.9.5–6

Messalla, Brutus, Agrippa pro sumus simus <scripserunt>.1



vantage of the People. Still, Brutus assures them that they have and will have what they have received. He promises that he and his colleagues will remedy the single outstanding issue: they will at once pay the original possessors outof public money the price of the land of which they have been deprived, so that the audience will not only have their colonies secure, but will also be free from hatred. This speech receives praise from the populace.

On Octavian to the People (F 32)

Brutus’ speeches to the People about Octavian, the future emperor Augustus, seem to have been delivered in Greece during the fighting between M. Antonius (159) and Octavian.

F 32 Tacitus, Annals

The letters of Antony [M. Antonius (159)], the public speeches of Brutus contain invectives against Augustus, false indeed, yet with much bitterness ...

Unplaced Fragment (F 33)

F 33 Marius Victorinus

Messalla [M. Valerius Messalla Corvinus (176), F 26], Brutus, and Agrippa <wrote> simus instead of sumus [“we are”].1

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019