consulis, Scipionis, Catonis opponitur.... [2] Lentulus aeris alieni magnitudine et spe exercitus ac provinciarum et regum appellandorum largitionibus movetur seque alterum fore Sullam inter suos gloriatur, ad quem summa imperi redeat.


M. Iunius Brutus (ca. 85–42 BC; praet. urb. 44 BC; RE Iunius 53), officially called Q. Servilius Caepio Brutus after adoption, initially supported Cn. Pompeius Magnus (111) in the civil war, but later accepted C. Iulius Caesar’s (121) pardon. When he was praetor urbanus in 44 BC, he, along with C. Cassius Longinus and others, organized Caesar’s assassination on the Ides of March. Afterward, he went to Greece as provincial governor. After the battles at Philippi he killed himself (42 BC) (on his life see Tempest 2017).

Brutus followed the Academic school of philosophy (T2, 4, 6, 14, 15; Cic. Brut. 149). He wrote works on virtue, duties, and patience (T 6, 8, 12; Cic. Tusc. 5.21–22; Fin. 3.6, 5.8; Att. 13.25.3), and he is said to have produced summaries of the historical works of Polybius, Coelius Antipater, and Fannius (FRHist A 26). He also composed

T 1 Cic. Brut. 22

[Cicero:] nam mihi, Brute, in te intuenti crebro in mentem venit vereri, ecquodnam curriculum aliquando sit



by a speech from the consul, from Scipio [Q. Caecilius Metellus Pius Scipio Nasica (154)], and from Cato [M. Porcius Cato (126)].... [2] Lentulus is motivated by the size of his debts, by the prospect of [the command of] an army and provinces, and by bribes from kings to be officially recognized; and among his friends he boasts that he will be a second Sulla [L. Cornelius Sulla], to whom supreme power shall return.


poetry (Plin. Ep.5.3.5; Quint. Inst. 9.4.76). Cicero dedicated several of his philosophical and rhetorical treatises to Brutus (Cic. Fin., Nat. D., Tusc., Parad., Brut., Orat.). Some letters by Brutus survive in Cicero’s correspondence (see also T 10, 11, 14). Brutus cultivated the Attic style of speaking (on his oratory see Balbo 2013).

In Cicero, Brutus’ natural abilities as an orator as well as his great industry and studying are praised; it is mentioned that he appeared in a number of court cases, while it is regretted that the political circumstances reduced his options for applying his oratorical skills (T 1, 3–4). He is said to be familiar with Demosthenic figures of thought (T5). Other ancient authors also highlight Brutus’ oratorical skill, even though they rate his abilities as a philosopher more highly (T 7–9, 12–13; Vell. Pat. 2.36.2).

T 1 Cicero, Brutus

[Cicero:] For when I look on you, Brutus, it crosses my mind frequently to wonder apprehensively what career

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019