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FRL V: ORATORY, PART 3

quod senatus in urbe habebatur Pompeiusque aberat, ex ipsius ore Pompei mitti videbatur.... [6] sic vocibus consulis, terrore praesentis exercitus, minis amicorum Pompei plerique compulsi inviti et coacti Scipionis sententiam sequuntur: uti ante certam diem Caesar exercitum dimittat; si non faciat, eum adversus rem publicam facturum videri.... [4.1] omnibus his resistitur omnibusque oratio consulis, Scipionis, Catonis opponitur.

155 M. CLAUDIUS MARCELLUS

M. Claudius Marcellus (cos. 51 BC; RE Claudius 229) was opposed to C. Iulius Caesar (121) and therefore went into exile in Mytilene after the battle of Pharsalus in 48 BC; he was later pardoned and recalled by Caesar (cf. Cic. Marc.) but was killed near Athens on his way back to Rome in 45 BC (Cic. Fam. 4.12).

T 1 Cic. Brut. 248–50

hoc loco Brutus: “quam vellem,” inquit, “de his etiam oratoribus qui hodie sunt tibi dicere liberet; et, si de aliis minus, de duobus tamen quos a te scio laudari solere, Caesare et Marcello, audirem non minus libenter quam audivi de eis qui fuerunt.” “cur tandem?” inquam [Cicero];

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155 M. CLAUDIUS MARCELLUS

was being held in the city [of Rome] and Pompey was absent [as he could not cross the city boundary as imperator], seemed to issue from the mouth of Pompey himself [cf. 111 F 29].... [6] Thus, prompted by the consul’s [L. Cornelius Lentulus Crus (157)] language, fear of the nearby army [of Pompey], and threats from Pompey’s friends, the majority, forced, unwilling, and coerced, support Scipio’s proposal: that Caesar must dismiss his army by a set date; if he does not do so, he will clearly have acted against the Republic.... [4.1] All these [proposals] are resisted, and they all are opposed by a speech from the consul, from Scipio, and from Cato [M. Porcius Cato (126)].

155 M. CLAUDIUS MARCELLUS

A letter from Marcellus to Cicero is extant (Cic. Fam. 4.11), as are letters from Cicero to him (Cic. Fam. 4.7–10, 15.9).

Ancient authorities mention Marcellus as a well-known orator; in Cicero he is noted for his extensive training andpraised for commanding all the qualities of an orator (T1–3).

T 1 Cicero, Brutus

At this point Brutus said: “How I wish that you felt inclined to speak also about the orators who are around today; and, if not about others, at least about two who, as I know, tend to be praised by you, Caesar [C. Iulius Caesar (121)] and Marcellus, I should like to hear no less eagerly than I have heard about those who were around in the

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019