Tools

FRL IV: ORATORY, PART 2

To a Witness (F18)

F 18 Quint. Inst. 6.3.91

est et illa ex ironia fictio, qua usus est C. Caesar. nam cum testis diceret a reo femina sua ferro petita, et esset facilis reprehensio, cur illam potissimum partem corporis vulnerare voluisset, “quid enim faceret,” inquit, “cum tu galeam et loricam haberes?”

74 L. AELIUS STILO PRAECONINUS

L. Aelius Stilo Praeconinus (RE Aelius 144) was not anorator himself; instead, he wrote speeches for others (T1–2; Cic. Brut. 169). He was a Roman knight, learned in Greek and Roman literature, and a student of grammar (T2; Suet. Gram. et rhet. 2.1–2; Gell. NA 1.18.2, 16.8.2); he wasa teacher of Cicero and Varro (Cic. Brut. 207; Gell. NA 16.8.2). Aelius Stilo sympathized with the Stoics (T 2) and produced works on grammar, etymology, and literary criticism (GRF, pp. 51–76).

T 1 Suet. Gram. et rhet. 3.2

= 58 T 2.

T 2 Cic. Brut. 205–6

[Cicero:] fuit is omnino vir egregius et eques Romanus cum primis honestus idemque eruditissimus et Graecis

46

74 L. AELIUS STILO PRAECONINUS

To a Witness (F 18)

F 18 Quintilian, The Orator’s Education

That which C. Caesar used is also something made up based on irony. For when a witness said that the accused had aimed at his thighs with a sword, and it would have been a straightforward point of criticism [to ask] why he should have wanted to strike that part of the body in particular, he [Caesar] said: “Well, what else could he do since you were wearing a helmet and a breastplate?”

74 L. AELIUS STILO PRAECONINUS

Aelius Stilo wrote speeches for, among others, Q. Metellus (cf. 58 T 3) (F 3) (TLRR 82 [with different identification of Metellus]), Q. Servilius Caepio (85) (F 3, 4), C. Aurelius Cotta (80) (F 5–6; cf. App. B Civ. 1.37.167) (TLRR 105), and Q. Pompeius Rufus (83) (F 7) (TLRR 101). At least some of these speeches were intended for men charged under the Lex Varia de maiestate (see 88), which seems to have required the accused to defend themselves.

T 1 Suetonius, Lives of Illustrious Men. Grammarians and Rhetoricians

= 58 T 2.

T 2 Cicero, Brutus

[Cicero:] He [Aelius] was in all respects an outstanding man, a Roman knight respectable to the highest degree, and equally thoroughly learned in both Greek and Latin

47
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019