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FRL IV: ORATORY, PART 2

On Behalf of the Tusci (F5)

F 5 Prisc., GL II, p.532.22–25

...“verro” enim secundum Servium [ad Verg. Aen. 1.59] “versi” facit, secundum Charisium [GL I, p.246.9 = p.320.13 B.] autem “verri,” quod et usus comprobat. Licinius Macer pro Tuscis: “quis1 oportuit amissa restituere, hisce etiam reliquias averrerunt.”

111 CN. POMPEIUS MAGNUS

Cn. Pompeius Magnus (106–48 BC; RE Pompeius 31) was consul three times (cos. 70, 55, 52 BC) and celebrated three triumphs (79, 71, 61 BC). He freed the Mediterranean Sea from pirates in 67 BC and concluded the Mithridatic War in 66 BC. In 60 BC he formed an alliance with C. Iulius Caesar (121) and M. Licinius Crassus Dives (102). During the civil war Pompey was an opponent of Caesar; he was killed after the battle of Pharsalus, in 48 BC (on his life see, e.g., Seager 2002; Gelzer 2005; on his career and oratory see van der Blom 2016, 113–45; on his speeches, pp.296–304).

Pompey is said to have studied rhetoric with M’. Otacilius Pitholaus (T 9). In Cicero, Pompey is praised as a great speaker whose fame as an orator was surpassed only

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111 CN. POMPEIUS MAGNUS

On Behalf of the Tusci (F 5)

Macer spoke on behalf of the Tusci (Etruscans) (F5 = F26 Walt = 26 HRR); this intervention may be linked to colonies of veterans established by L. Cornelius Sulla in Etruria (Walt 1997, 28–29).

F 5 Priscian

... for verro [“I sweep”], according to Servius, creates versi, but, according to Charisius, verri [different forms of perfect], which usage also confirms. Licinius Macer [in the speech] on behalf of the Tuscans: “to whom one ought to restore what has been lost, from them they have swept away even what was left.”

111 CN. POMPEIUS MAGNUS

by his military achievements: he was eloquent and had a splendid style of delivery; however, he is also presented as shy and reluctant, taking lessons in oratory (T 1–2; Cic. Balb. 2; cf. T 3–6, 8–9; Plut. Pomp.1.4). Quintilian claims that Cicero wrote speeches for Pompey, as he did for others (T 11; cf. F 27).

As a young man, Pompey was prosecuted in a civil case and defended by Q. Hortensius Hortalus (92 F 15), L. Marcius Philippus (70 F 12–13), and Cn. Papirius Carbo (TLRR 120).

Copies of letters by Pompey survive (Cic. Att. 8.11A, C; cf. T 10). A number of speeches in the Senate and at public meetings are known (F 16–18: CCMR, App. A: 276; cf. Cic. Att. 1.14.6, 1.19.7), such as support for Caesar’s

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019