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FRL IV: ORATORY, PART 2

On Lex Iulia agraria (F7)

F 7 Plut. Cic. 26.4

ἐπεὶ δὲ Καίσαρι ψηφισαμένῳ τὴν ἐν Καμπανίᾳ χώραν κατανεμηθῆναι τοῖς στρατιώταις πολλοὶ μὲν ἐδυσχέραινον ἐν τῇ βουλῇ, Λεύκιος δὲ Γέλλιος ὁμοῦ τι πρεσβύτατος ὢν εἶπεν ὡς οὐ γενήσεται τοῦτο ζῶντος αὐτοῦ, “περιμείνωμεν” ὁ Κικέρων ἔφη· “μακρὰν γὰρ οὐκ αἰτεῖται Γέλλιος ὑπέρθεσιν.”

On Cicero Before the People (F8)

F 8 Cic. Red. pop.17

sed audistis eo tempore clarissimi viri non solum auctoritatem, sed etiam testimonium, L. Gelli: qui quia suam classem adtemptatam magno cum suo periculo paene sensit, dixit in contione vestrum, si ego consul cum fui non fuissem, rem publicam funditus interituram fuisse.

102 M. LICINIUS CRASSUS DIVES

M. Licinius Crassus Dives (cos. 70, 55, censor 65 BC; RE Licinius 68) was an active political figure from his youth onward. After he had suffered losses in the proscriptions by C. Marius and L. Cornelius Cinna as a supporter of L. Cornelius Sulla, he made a fortune as a result of the Sullan proscriptions and became proverbially rich. In 60 BC Crassus formed an alliance with Cn. Pompeius Magnus

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102 M. LICINIUS CRASSUS DIVES

On Lex Iulia agraria (F 7)

F 7 Plutarch, Life of Cicero

And when Caesar got a decree passed [59 BC] that the land in Campania should be divided among his soldiers [Lex Iulia agraria campana (?): LPPR, pp.387–88], and many in the Senate were dissatisfied, and Lucius Gellius, who was about the oldest of them, declared that it should never happen while he was alive, Cicero said: “Let us wait, since Gellius does not ask for a long postponement.”

On Cicero Before the People (F 8)

F 8 Cicero, Post Reditum ad Quirites

Moreover, you heard at that time [of discussions about Cicero’s recall from exile in 57 BC] not only the authoritative opinion, but also the testimony of a very illustrious man, L. Gellius: since he almost felt that his fleet had been tampered with to his own great danger, he said at one of your public meetings that, if I had not been consul when I was [63 BC], the Republic would have perished entirely.

102 M. LICINIUS CRASSUS DIVES

(111) and C. Iulius Caesar (121); he died in the battle of Carrhae in 53 BC (on his life see, e.g., Marshall 1976).

In Cicero it is noted that Crassus, a contemporary of Q. Hortensius Hortalus (92), was a popular lawyer, having achieved this position by hard work and his personal standing, as he had only moderate training and natural ability (T 1, 4, 6, 7). His speeches were characterized by a

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019