F 2 Flor. 2.11(3.23).5

ergo cum turbidis contionibus velut classico civitatem terruisset, profectus in Etruriam arma inde et exercitum urbi admovebat.

F 2A Sall. Hist. 1.55 M. = 1.49 R.

Lepidus warns the People about Sulla: he describes Sulla and his minions negatively, criticizes the fact that everything is in the power of one man, and alleges that success is exploited as a screen for vices. Therefore, Lepidus calls the People to resistance; he reminds them that a state of tranquility combined with freedom no longer exists and that at the present time one has to be either enslaved or in command. The Roman People, however, have been stripped


Q. Lutatius Catulus minor (cos. 78, censor 65 BC; RE Lutatius 8), a son of Q. Lutatius Catulus (63), is praised by Cicero for his character and political views (Cic. Verr. 1.44, 2.3.210; Leg. Man. 51; Cat. 3.24; Balb. 35). He moved that Cicero should be called pater patriae after the suppression of the Catilinarian Conspiracy (T 3; Cic. Sest. 121; cf. Red. sen. 9; Dom. 113).

In the civil wars of the 90s and 80s BC, Catulus fought on the side of C. Marius. In 78 BC he was consul with M. Aemilius Lepidus (95), with whom he disagreed during their term of office (Cic. Cat. 3.24). Catulus was responsible for buildings at Rome, especially the rebuilding of the temple of Iuppiter Capitolinus (Varro ap. Gell. NA 2.10.2;



F 2 Florus

Thus, after he [Lepidus] had frightened the populace with turbulent speeches to the People as with a war trumpet, he set off for Etruria and from there led arms and an army toward the city [of Rome].

F 2A Sallust, Histories

of their former power, glory, and rights. Lepidus justifies his previous behavior and announces his intention to put an end to civil war and crimes; he affirms that freedom is better than wealth and stresses that the Roman People should end their lack of resolve and stop waiting for a leader. Lepidus closes by encouraging the People to follow him, the consul, as the leader and advocate for the recovery of freedom.


Cic. Verr. 2.4.69; Val. Max. 6.9.5), whence he is sometimes called “Capitolinus.”

In Cicero, Catulus is described as a decent orator, but not of the first rank and more suited to political orations, even though he had a refined and cultivated manner of speech (T 1–2). He is a speaker in the first version of Cicero’s Academica, with one of the books named after him (Cic. Att. 13.32.3, 13.19.5; Acad. 2.9, 2.80). Like his father, he was a friend of the poet Archias (Cic. Arch. 6).

In 73 BC Catulus, along with M. Pupius Piso Frugi Calpurnianus (104), seems to have supported L. Sergius Catilina (112), when Catiline was accused of sexual intercourse with a Vestal Virgin (TLRR 167; Oros. 6.3.1). In

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019