pro “pergula” dicens, et inmutatione, cum c pro g uteretur, et transmutatione, cum r praeponeret antecedenti.


Hortensia (RE Hortensius 16) was the daughter of Q. Hortensius Hortalus (92) and his wife Lutatia.

In 42 BC Hortensia successfully delivered a speech (admired by later ancient authors) before the triumviri, who

Before the triumviri (F1–2A)

F 1 Val. Max. 8.3.3

Hortensia vero Q. Hortensi filia, cum ordo matronarum gravi tributo a triumviris esset oneratus nec quisquam virorum patrocinium eis accommodare auderet, causam feminarum apud triumviros et constanter et feliciter egit: repraesentata enim patris facundia impetravit ut maior pars imperatae pecuniae his remitteretur. revixit tum muliebri stirpe Q. Hortensius verbisque filiae aspiravit, cuius si virilis sexus posteri vim sequi voluissent, Hortensianae eloquentiae tanta hereditas una feminae actione abscissa non esset.



attachment to the front of a building”], both by change, since he used c for g, and by transposition, since he put r before the preceding letter.


were planning to force wealthy women to make a financial contribution to the running of the state (F 1–2). A version of the oration is put into Hortensia’s mouth in Appian (F2A).

Before the triumviri (F 1–2A)

F 1 Valerius Maximus, Memorable Doings and Sayings

Hortensia, the daughter of Q. Hortensius [Q. Hortensius Hortalus (92)], indeed pleaded the case of the women before the triumviri both resolutely and successfully, when the class of married women had been burdened by the triumviri with a heavy tax and none of the men ventured to lend them their advocacy. For reviving her father’s eloquence, she achieved that the greater part of the money requested was remitted for them. Q. Hortensius then lived again in his female progeny and inspired his daughter’s words; if his male descendants had chosen to follow his force, the great heritage of Hortensian eloquence would not have been cut short with a single speech by a woman.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019