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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

18 Q. CAECILIUS METELLUS MACEDONICUS

Q. Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus (cos. 143, censor 131 BC; RE Caecilius 94), presumably a son of Q. Caecilius Metellus (6), was a successful general and politician; he triumphed over Macedonia and its king Andriscus and therefore adopted the cognomen Macedonicus (Plut. Mar. 1.1).

On Behalf of L. Aurelius Cotta Against Scipio Aemilianus (F1)

When P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus minor (21 F 23–26) prosecuted L. Aurelius Cotta (cos. 144 BC), presumably on a charge of extortion, in 138 BC or between 132 and 129 BC (Cic. Mur. 58 [though Cicero may be

F 1 Cic. Brut. 81

[Cicero:] nam Q. Metellus, is cuius quattuor filii consulares fuerunt, in primis est habitus eloquens, qui pro L. Cotta dixit accusante Africano ...

On Ti. Sempronius Gracchus (F2–3)

The speech criticizing Ti. Sempronius Gracchus (34) was given when the latter was Tribune of the People (133 BC), apparently after he had proposed a bill concerning the bequest from King Attalus (Plut. Ti. Gracch. 14.1–2; see

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18 Q. CAECILIUS METELLUS MACEDONICUS

18 Q. CAECILIUS METELLUS MACEDONICUS

Metellus was a cultured man; in Cicero he is mentioned as an eloquent speaker (F 1; Cic. De or. 1.215).

In about 138 BC Macedonicus appeared as a witness at a trial of Q. Pompeius (30 F 4A–B; TLRR 8).

On Behalf of L. Aurelius Cotta Against Scipio Aemilianus (F 1)

inaccurate]), Metellus defended the accused, who was acquitted (Cic. Div. Caec. 69; Font. 38; Ps.-Asc. in Cic. Div. Caec. 69 [p.204.3–4 St.]; Tac. Ann. 3.66.1–2; Val. Max. 8.1.abs.11; Liv. Epit. Ox. 55; App. B Civ. 1.3.22; TLRR 9).

F 1 Cicero, Brutus

[Cicero:] For Q. Metellus, whose four sons were former consuls, was regarded as particularly eloquent; he spoke on behalf of L. Cotta, when Africanus [P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus minor (21), F 23–26] was the prosecutor ... [continued by F 2]

On Ti. Sempronius Gracchus (F 2–3)

17 F 3). Cicero knew a version of the speech included in the Annals of C. Fannius (FRHist 12 T 2), not necessarily “authentic” (F 2).

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019