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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

sed nihil tam debet esse numerosum quam hoc quod minime apparet et valet plurimum. ex hoc genere illud est Crassi: “missos faciant patronos; ipsi prodeant.” nisi intervallo dixisset “ipsi prodeant,” sensisset profecto se fudisse2 senarium. omnino melius caderet “prodeant ipsi”; sed de genere nunc disputo. [223] “cur clandestinis consiliis nos oppugnant? cur de profugis nostris copias comparant contra nos?” prima sunt illa duo, quae κόμματα Graeci vocant, nos incisa dicimus; deinde tertium—κῶλον illi, nos membrum—sequitur non longa—ex duobus enim versibus, id est membris, perfecta est—comprehensio3 et in spondeos cadit. et Crassus quidem sic plerumque dicebat, idque ipse genus dicendi maxime probo.

Cf. Quint. Inst. 9.4.101; Ruf., RLM, p.579.17–22.

67 Q. MUCIUS SCAEVOLA PONTIFEX MAXIMUS

Q. Mucius Scaevola (ca. 140–82 BC; cos. 95 BC; RE Mucius 22) was a member of the pontifical college from about 115 BC and pontifex maximus from about 89 BC (hence the epithet pontifex maximus to distinguish him from namesakes). In 97 BC he was proconsul in Asia and ad-

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67 Q. MUCIUS SCAEVOLA PONTIFEX MAXIMUS

as much as this that appears so to a very slight extent and has the greatest effect. Of this kind is that phrase of Crassus: “they shall send their pleaders away; they themselves shall come forward.” If he had not said “they themselves shall come forward” after a brief pause, he would indeed have recognized that he had pronounced a senarius. On the whole, “they shall come forward themselves” [reverse word order] would give a better clausula; but I am speaking of general principles now. [223] “Why do they attack us with secret plans? Why do they prepare troops of our fugitives against us?”1 The first two [pieces]2 are what the Greeks call commata, we term incisa; then, as the third item—they call it colon, we membrum—there comes a brief period—for it consists of two verses, that is membra, and ends in a spondaic clausula.3 And Crassus indeed mostly spoke in this style, and that style of speaking I myself chiefly favor.

67 Q. MUCIUS SCAEVOLA PONTIFEX MAXIMUS

ministered the province in an exemplary manner (Val. Max. 8.15.6; Cic. Div. Caec. 57; Verr. 2.2.27, 2.2.34; on his life and works as well as the testimonia and fragments of his legal writings see Ferrary, Schiavone, and Stolfi 2018).

In 95 BC Scaevola was consul with his contemporary L.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019