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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

F 2 Liv. Epit. 67.1

M. Aurelius Scaurus, legatus consulis, a Cimbris fuso exercitu captus est, et cum in consilium ab his advocatus deterreret eos ne Alpes transirent Italiam petituri, eo quod dicere{n}t1 Romanos vinci non posse, a Boiorige,2 feroci iuvene, occisus est.

60 C. MEMMIUS

C. Memmius (tr. pl. 111, praet. ca. 104 BC; RE Memmius 5), probably a brother of L. Memmius (61), was killed while running for the consulship in 100 BC (e.g., Cic. Cat. 4.4; Liv. Epit. 69; Oros. 5.17.5).

C. Memmius is described as a passionate man hostile to the nobility (F 2–3; Oros. 5.17.5). Sallust mentions that the

T 1 Cic. Brut. 136

[Cicero:] tum etiam C.L. Memmii fuerunt oratores mediocres, accusatores acres atque acerbi; itaque in iudicium capitis multos vocaverunt, pro reis non saepe dixerunt.

Concerning Jugurtha to the People (F2–4)

As Tribune of the People designate in 112 BC, Memmius provided information to the People about the activities of supporters of Jugurtha (F 2). In 111 BC, as Tribune of the People, Memmius talked to the People about the reduction of their freedom as well as the corruption and licentious-

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60 C. MEMMIUS

F 2 Livy, Epitome

M. Aurelius Scaurus, a legate of the consul, was captured by the Cimbri after the army had been routed, and when he, called into council by them, deterred them from going over the Alps to aim for Italy, for the reason that he said that the Romans could not be defeated, he was killed by Boiorix, a ferocious young man.

60 C. MEMMIUS

oratory of C. Memmius was highly regarded (F 3); in Cicero, C. and L. Memmius are said to be mediocre orators, focusing on prosecutions (T 1).

C. Memmius was mocked by L. Licinius Crassus (66 F20–21). He was prosecuted by M. Aemilius Scaurus (43) for extortion (Cic. Font. 24; Val. Max. 8.5.2) (TLRR 60).

T 1 Cicero, Brutus

[Cicero:] Of this time [late 2nd / early 1st cent. BC] too were C. and L. Memmius, mediocre orators, vigorous and harsh prosecutors; thus, they brought to trial many on capital charges. For defendants they did not speak often.

Concerning Jugurtha to the People (F 2–4)

ness of the nobility (F 3; CCMR, App. A: 201; TLRR 49). After Jugurtha had come to Rome, he spoke about the king’s misdeeds and invited the king to reveal further details (F 4; CCMR, App. A: 202).

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019