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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

promiserit, neque sordida veste humilive habitu suffragatores conciliarit, inimicos permulserit, iudices temperarit, orationem quoque a praetore concessam nihilo summissiorem quam animum habuerit. [13] cum evidenti oppugnaretur calumnia et opinione bonorum omnium iure absolvendus putaretur, peiurio iudicum condemnatus est.

45 Q. AELIUS TUBERO

According to Cicero, Q. Aelius Tubero (tr. pl. 129 BC; RE Aelius 155), a grandson of L. Aemilius Paullus (12) and a nephew of P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus minor (21), was a mediocre orator with rough language, though skilled argument. Besides, he is described as a good and steadfast citizen; he followed the Stoics and is the addressee of works by the Stoic philosophers Panaetius and

T 1 Cic. Brut. 117–18

[Cicero:] “et quoniam Stoicorum est facta mentio, Q. Aelius Tubero fuit illo tempore, L. Paulli nepos; nullo in oratorum numero, sed vita severus et congruens cum ea disciplina quam colebat, paulo etiam durior... sed ut vita sic oratione durus, incultus, horridus; itaque honoribus maiorum respondere non potuit. fuit autem constans civis et fortis et in primis Graccho molestus, quod indicat

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45 Q. AELIUS TUBERO

neither let his hair or beard grow nor procured the favor of supporters by filthy dress or lowly attire [i.e., as the accused typically did], nor appeased his enemies, nor influenced the judges, and even delivered a speech, as granted by the praetor, in no way more submissive than his mind. [13] When he was attacked by obvious false accusation and was believed as justly due for release in the view of all good men, he was found guilty due to perjury of the judges.

45 Q. AELIUS TUBERO

his pupil Hecaton of Rhodes (T 1; Cic. Tusc. 4.4; Fin. 4.23; Off. 3.63; De or. 3.87; Acad. 2.135).

Cicero mentions speeches by Tubero against C. Sempronius Gracchus (48) (T 1; Cic. Amic. 37). Tubero is a speaker in Cicero’s treatise De re publica (on the funeral eulogy of P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus minor [21], see C. Laelius Sapiens [20], F 22–23).

T 1 Cicero, Brutus

[Cicero:] “And since mention of the Stoics has been made [cf. 43 T 1; 44 T 1], Q. Aelius Tubero, L. Paullus’ [L. Aemilius Paullus (12)] grandson, was around in that same period, of no account among the orators, but severe in his way of life and congruent with that philosophy that he practiced, even somewhat more rigid...but as in life, so in his oratory he was harsh, unrefined, and rough; therefore, he was not able to match the ranks of offices of his ancestors. He was, however, a steadfast and courageous citizen, and, in particular, troublesome to Gracchus, as Gracchus’ speech against him shows [C. Sempronius

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019