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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

41 M. PORCIUS CATO

M. Porcius Cato (cos. 118 BC; RE Porcius 10), a grandson of M. Porcius Cato (8), fought as consul in Africa and died in that province (T 1).

Cato is not mentioned in Cicero, but Gellius describes him as a rather impressive orator and notes that he left written versions of his speeches (T 1).

T 1 Gell. NA 13.20.9–10

ex maiore autem Catonis filio, qui praetor designatus patre vivo mortuus est, et egregios de iuris disciplina libros reliquit, nascitur hic, de quo quaeritur, M. Cato M. filius M. nepos. [10] is satis vehemens orator fuit multasque orationes ad exemplum avi scriptas reliquit et consul cum Q. Marcio Rege fuit inque eo consulatu in Africam profectus in ea provincia mortem obit.

In Defense of His Law Before the People (F2)

F 2 Prisc., GL II, p.90.11–16

a “saepe” adverbio positivum vel comparativum nomen non legi, superlativum posuit Cato nepos de actionibus ad populum, ne lex sua abrogetur: “facite vobis in mentem

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41 M. PORCIUS CATO

41 M. PORCIUS CATO

As a young man, Cato may have delivered the funeral oration for his father on the latter’s death in 152 BC (Gell. NA 13.20; see Malcovati 1981).

T 1 Gellius, Attic Nights

But from Cato’s elder son, who died when praetor-elect, while his father was still alive, and left admirable books on the study of law, the offspring is the man with whom the inquiry is concerned, M. Cato, Marcus’ son and Marcus’ grandson. [10] He was an orator of some power and left many speeches written according to the example of his grandfather [M. Porcius Cato (8)], and he was consul with Q. Marcius Rex [118 BC], and, having gone to Africa during that consulship, died in that province.

In Defense of His Law Before the People (F 2)

The nature of the law that Cato, possibly when consul, defended in a speech to the People is uncertain (LPPR, p.320).

F 2 Priscian

An adjective in the positive or comparative derived from the adverb saepe [“often”] I have not read; Cato the grandson [of M. Porcius Cato (8)] used the superlative before the People [in the speech] about legal processes, so that his law would not be annulled: “Make an effort to recall in

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019