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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

F 16 Plut. Ti. Gracch. 15.1–16.1

αἰσθανόμενος δὲ τῶν πολιτευμάτων τὸ περὶ τὸν Ὀκτάβιον οὐ τοῖς δυνατοῖς μόνον, ἀλλὰ καὶ τοῖς πολλοῖς ἐπαχθέστερον1 <ὄν>2—μέγα γάρ τι καὶ καλὸν ἐδόκει τὸ τῶν δημάρχων ἀξίωμα μέχρι τῆς ἡμέρας ἐκείνης διατετηρημένον ἀνῃρῆσθαι καὶ καθυβρίσθαι—λόγον ἐν τῷ δήμῳ διεξῆλθεν, οὗ μικρὰ παραθέσθαι τῶν ἐπιχειρημάτων οὐκ ἄτοπον ἦν, ὥσθ’ ὑπονοηθῆναι τὴν πιθανότητα καὶ πυκνότητα τοῦ ἀνδρός. [2–9] ... [16.1] τοιαῦτα μὲν ἦν τὰ κεφάλαια τῆς τοῦ Τιβερίου δικαιολογίας.

35 C. PAPIRIUS CARBO

C. Papirius Carbo (tr. pl. 131 or 130, cos. 120 BC; RE Papirius 33), the father of C. Papirius Carbo Arvina (87), was originally a supporter of the populares and was appointed to serve on the agrarian commission for the implementation of Ti. Sempronius Gracchus’ (34) agrarian law, to replace one of the original members (cf. F 8). As consul, however, Carbo defended L. Opimius (cos. 121 BC), who had killed C. Sempronius Gracchus (48). Then Carbo was

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35 C. PAPIRIUS CARBO

F 16 Plutarch, Life of Tiberius Gracchus

Perceiving that of his political measures that concerning Octavius [M. Octavius, tr. pl. 133 BC] <was> very displeasing, not only to the nobles, but also to the multitude—for it was thought that the great and worthy dignity of the Tribunate, so carefully guarded up to that day, had been destroyed and insulted—he [Ti. Gracchus] made a lengthy speech before the People, a few of the arguments of which it will not be out of place to lay before the readers, so thatthey may get an idea of the man’s persuasiveness and subtlety.

[2–9] Gracchus is said to argue that a Tribune is sacred and inviolable; yet, if he does wrong to the People, he deprives himself of this office by not doing what he is supposed to do. The People should have the right to remove the Tribunate from such men by a unanimous vote. Gracchus illustrates this view with some examples and parallels.

[16.1] Such were the chief points in Tiberius’ justification.

35 C. PAPIRIUS CARBO

prosecuted by the young L. Licinius Crassus (66 F 13–14) and avoided punishment by suicide (Cic. Verr. 2.3.3; Brut. 103; De or. 1.40, 1.154; Fam. 9.2.1; Leg. 3.35; Tac. Dial. 34.7) (TLRR 30). Carbo was also suspected of involvement in the death of P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus minor (21) (Cic. De or. 2.170; Fam. 9.21.3).

As in the case of Ti. Sempronius Gracchus (34), it is regretted in Cicero’s works that Carbo did not use his

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019