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FRL III: ORATORY, PART 1

On Lex Cincia (F6)

Fabius Maximus’ speech in support of the Lex Cincia dates to 204 BC: this bill, proposed by the Tribune of the People M. Cincius Alimentus, was to prohibit donations to law-

F 6 Cic. Sen. 10

[Cato:] quaestor deinde quadriennio post factus sum, quem1 magistratum gessi consulibus Tuditano et Cethego, cum quidem ille admodum senex suasor legis Cinciae de donis et muneribus fuit.

4 P. CORNELIUS SCIPIO AFRICANUS MAIOR

P. Cornelius Scipio Africanus maior (ca. 235–183 BC; cos. 205, 194, censor 199 BC; RE Cornelius 336) became proconsul in Hispania after the deaths of his father and uncle during the Second Punic War. He eventually defeated the Carthaginians in the battle at Zama in 202 BC. Thereupon, Scipio celebrated a triumph and was honored with the cognomen Africanus (Polyb. 16.23.5–7; Liv. 30.45).

T 1 Cic. Brut. 77

[Cicero:] cum hoc Catone grandiores natu fuerunt C. Flaminius C. Varro Q. Maximus Q. Metellus P. Lentulus

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4 P. CORNELIUS SCIPIO AFRICANUS MAIOR

On Lex Cincia (F 6)

yers and the offering of extensive gifts (Lex Cincia de donis et muneribus: LPPR, pp.261–62).

F 6 Cicero, On Old Age

[Cato:] Then, after four years, I was made quaestor, which office I held in the consulship of Tuditanus and Cethegus [204 BC], when that man [Fabius Maximus], far advanced in age, was a supporter of the Cincian Law on gifts and donations.

4 P. CORNELIUS SCIPIO AFRICANUS MAIOR

His successes and unusual career later led to resentment among the Roman nobility: Scipio Africanus left Rome toward the end of his life and died near Liternum (Liv. 38.50.4–56.13; on his life see, e.g., Scullard 1970).

In Cicero, Scipio Africanus is described as a decent orator (T 1); it is also mentioned that he left nothing in writing (T 2; see F 3–5).

T 1 Cicero, Brutus

[Cicero:] Older contemporaries of this Cato [M. Porcius Cato (8)] were C. Flaminius [C. Flaminius Nepos, cos. 223, 217 BC], C. Varro [C. Terentius Varro, cos. 216 BC],

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019