sponsionem feci, facta sponsione ad iudicem adduxi, adductum primo coetu damnavi, damnatum ex voluntate dimisi.”

F 34 Fest., p.334.28–30 L.

redarguisse per e | litteram Scipio Africanus Pauli filius dicitur enunti|asse, ut idem etiam pertisum.

F 35 Quint. Inst. 1.7.25

quid dicam “vortices” et “vorsus” ceteraque ad eundem modum, quae primus1 Scipio Africanus in e litteram secundam vertisse dicitur?

22+23 L. ET SP. MUMMII

L. Mummius (cos. 146, censor 142 BC; RE Mummius 7a) celebrated triumphs after the conquests of Achaea and Corinth.

His brother Sp. Mummius (RE Mummius 13) may have reached the praetorship; his attested political activities are his service as a legate to his brother in 146 BC and his involvement in an embassy in 139 BC. He was a learned man; Cicero mentions humorous verse epistles he sent


22 + 23 L. ET SP. MUMMII

a judicial wager1 with him; with the wager arranged, I led him to the judge; led there, I had him sentenced at the first meeting; him being sentenced, I voluntarily let him go.”

F 34 Festus

redarguisse [“to have refuted”], Scipio Africanus, Paulus’ son, is said to have pronounced it with the letter e, as the same man also did with pertisum [“disgusted”; cf. Cic. Orat. 159].

F 35 Quintilian, The Orator’s Education

What shall I say about vortices [“whirls”] and vorsus [“turned”] and other instances of the same kind, with respect to which Scipio Africanus is said to have been the first to turn the second letter into e?

22+23 L. ET SP. MUMMII

back from Corinth (Cic. Att. 13.6.4) as well as his familiarity with Stoic philosophy (T 1). Sp. Mummius is a participant in Cicero’s dialogue De re publica (Cic. Rep.1.18, 3.46–48, 5.11).

Cicero attests that speeches of both brothers were extant in his time; both of them are placed among the orators of moderate ability, while Sp. Mummius is regarded as more concise due to his Stoic training (T 1).

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.fragmentary_republican_latin-oratory.2019