ΑΡΧΕΛΑΟΣ test. *iiia

ARCHELAUS. Archelaus Temeni filius exsul a fratribus eiectus in Thraciam ad regem Cisseum uenit, qui cum a finitimis oppugnaretur Archelao regnum et filiam in coniugium dare pollicetur si se ab hoste tutatus esset Archelaus, quia ab Hercule esset oriundus; nam Temenus Herculis filius fuit. (2) Qui hostes uno proelio fugauit et ab rege pollicita petit. Ille ab amicis dissuasus fidem fraudauit eumque per dolum interficere uoluit. (3) Itaque foueam iussit fieri et multos carbones eo ingeri et incendi et super uirgulta tenuia poni, quo cum Archelaus uenisset ut decideret. (4) Hoc regis seruus Archelao patefecit; qui re cognita dicit se cum rege colloqui uelle secreto; arbitris semotis Archelaus regem arreptum in foueam coniecit atque ita eum perdidit. (5) Inde profugit ex responso Apollinis in Macedoniam capra duce, oppidumque ex nomine caprae Aegeas constituit.

Hyginus, Fab. 219

(1) Thraciam Robert: Macedoniam Hyginus

F 228 below was the beginning of the play in the text known to Alexandrian and later scholars, but F 846 (= Aristophanes, Frogs 1206–8) may have been its original beginning: see further on F 846.




test. *iiia

ARCHELAUS. Archelaus, son of Temenus, was cast into exile by his brothers and came to king Cisseus in Thrace. Since Cisseus was being attacked by his neighbours, he promised to give Archelaus his kingdom and his daughter in marriage if Archelaus rescued him from his enemy, as Archelaus could claim descent from Hercules; for Temenus was a son of Hercules. (2) Archelaus routed the enemy in a single battle and sought from the king what he had promised. But the king, persuaded otherwise by his friends, betrayed his pledge and decided to kill Archelaus by deceit. (3) So he ordered a pit to be made and many coals to be piled in it and lit, and light branches to be laid over it, so that when Archelaus came to it he would fall in. (4) A servant of the king revealed this to Archelaus, and he on learning of it said that he wished to speak with the king in secret. After removing all witnesses he seized the king and threw him into the pit, and thus killed him. (5) Then, instructed by an oracle of Apollo, he fled from that place into Macedonia, led by a goat, and founded the city of Aegeae which he named after the goat.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.euripides-dramatic_fragments.2008