Echembrotus, Fragment

LCL 476: 200-201



Paus. 10.7.4–6 (iii 101 Rocha-Pereira)

τῆς δὲ τεσσαρακοστῆς ὀλυμπιάδος καὶ ὀγδόης, ἣν Γλαυκίας ὁ Κροτωνιάτης ἐνίκησε, ταύτης ἔτει τρίτῳ ἆθλα ἔθεσαν οἱ Ἀμφικτύονες κιθαρῳδίας μὲν καθὰ καὶ ἐξ ἀρχῆς, προσέθεσαν δὲ καὶ αὐλῳδίας ἀγώνισμα καὶ αὐλῶν· ἀνηγορεύθησαν δὲ νικῶντες Κεφαλλήν τε Μελάμπους (Boeckh: ὃς λάμποι, ὁ λάμπου codd.) κιθαρῳδίᾳ, καὶ αὐλῳδὸς Ἀρκὰς Ἐχέμβροτος, Σακάδας δὲ Ἀργεῖος ἐπὶ τοῖς αὐλοῖς· ἀνείλετο δὲ ὁ Σακάδας οὗτος καὶ ἄλλας δύο τὰς ἐφεξῆς ταύτης πυθιάδας. . .· δευτέρᾳ δὲ πυθιάδι . . .αὐλῳδίαν τε κατέλυσαν, καταγνόντες οὐκ εἶναι τὸ ἄκουσμα εὔφημον· ἡ γὰρ αὐλωδία μέλη τε ἦν αὐλῶν τὰ σκυθρωπότατα καὶ ἐλεγεῖα 〚θρῆνοι〛 προσᾳδόμενα τοῖς αὐλοῖς. μαρτυρεῖ δέ μοι καὶ τοῦ Ἐχεμβρότου τὸ ἀνάθημα, τρίπους χαλκοῦς ἀνατεθεὶς τῷ Ἡρακλεῖ τῷ ἐν Θήβαις· ἐπίγραμμα δὲ ὁ τρίπους εἶχεν·

Ἐχέμβροτος Ἀρκὰς θῆκε τῷ Ἡρακλεῖ νικήσας τόδ᾿ ἄγαλμα Ἀμφικτυόνων ἐν ἄθλοις, 5Ἕλλησι δ᾿ ἀείδων μέλεα καὶ ἐλέγους.

v. M. L. West, 4ss., 34. 6 μέλεά τ᾿ ἐλέγους τε? West


Pausanias, Description of Greece (on the Pythian Games)

In the third year of the 48th Olympiad,1 in which Glaucias of Croton was victorious, the Amphictions2 offered prizes in cithara-singing, as they had from the beginning, and added competitions in pipe-singing and pipe-playing. The winners they proclaimed were Melampus of Cephallenia in cithara-song, Echembrotus of Arcadia in pipe-song, Sacadas of Argos in pipe-playing; and this Sacadas went on to win at the next two Pythian Games . . . But at the second Pythian Games . . . they abolished the pipe-singing, judging its sound inauspicious: for pipe-singing consisted of the gloomiest pipe-music and elegiacs3 sung to the pipes. My evidence for this is the offering of Echembrotus, a bronze tripod dedicated to the Theban Heracles, which carried this inscription:

Echembrotus the Arcadian dedicated this gift to the glory of Heracles, having been victorious at the contests of the Amphictions, where he sang songs and laments to the Greeks.

  • 1I.e. in 586.
  • 2Organisers of the Pythian Games at Delphi.
  • 3But the word used by Echembrotus (ἔλεγοι) means ‘laments’, not ‘elegiac couplets’.
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.echembrotus-fragment.1991