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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY II

Ὠκεανόν τε [ . . . = T10a].

b (> 7 B2) 18.607–8

ἐν δὲ τίθει ποταμοῖο μέγα σθένος Ὠκεανοῖο ἄντυγα πὰρ πυμάτην σάκεος πύκα ποιητοῖο.

T3 (≠ DK) Hes. Th. 274–75

Γοργούς θ’, αἳ ναίουσι πέρην κλυτοῦ Ὠκεανοῖο ἐσχατιῇ πρὸς νυκτός, ἵν’ Ἑσπερίδες λιγύφωνοι [. . .].

Tartarus (T4–T5)

T4 (> 28 A44) Hom. Il. 8.13–16

ἤ μιν ἑλὼν ῥίψω ἐς Τάρταρον ἠερόεντα τῆλε μάλ’, ἧχι βάθιστον ὑπὸ χθονός ἐστι βέρεθρον, 15ἔνθα σιδήρειαί τε πύλαι καὶ χάλκεος οὐδός, τόσσον ἔνερθ’ Ἀΐδεω ὅσον οὐρανός ἐστ’ ἀπὸ γαίης.

T5 (> ad 31 B39) Hes. Th. 717–45

[. . .] καὶ τοὺς μὲν ὑπὸ χθονὸς εὐρυοδείης πέμψαν καὶ δεσμοῖσιν ἐν ἀργαλέοισιν ἔδησαν, νικήσαντες χερσὶν ὑπερθύμους περ ἐόντας,

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COSMOLOGICAL SPECULATIONS

And Ocean [. . .].

b (> 7 B2) [Description of the shield of Achilles]

And he [i.e. Hephaestus] put on it [i.e. Achilles’ shield] the great strength of river Ocean, Along the outer rim of the very well made shield.

T3 (≠ DK) Hesiod, Theogony

And the Gorgons who dwell beyond glorious Ocean At the edge toward the night, where the clear-voiced Hesperides are [. . .].

Tartarus (T4–T5)

T4 (> 28 A44) Homer, Iliad

Or I [i.e. Zeus] will seize him1 and throw him into murky Tartarus, Very far away, where there is the deepest gulf beneath the earth, Where iron gates and a bronze threshold are, As far below Hades as the sky is from the earth.

T5 (> ad 31 B39) Hesiod, Theogony

They [i.e. the Olympian gods] sent them [i.e. the Titans] down under the broad-pathed earth And bound them in distressful bonds

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.early_greek_philosophy_cosmological_speculations.2016