Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities

LCL 319: 272-273

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Dionysius of Halicarnassus

λοιποὶ κατὰ πλῆθος ἐπὶ τὰ μανδρεύματα αὐτῶν νύκτωρ ἐπέβαλον. Ῥωμύλος μὲν οὖν τὸν χρόνον τοῦτον ἐτύγχανεν ἅμα τοῖς ἐπιφανεστάτοις τῶν κωμητῶν πεπορευμένος εἴς τι χωρίον Καινίνην1 ὀνομαζόμενον ἱερὰ ποιήσων ὑπὲρ τοῦ κοινοῦ πάτρια· 14Ῥῶμος δὲ τὴν ἔφοδον αὐτῶν αἰσθόμενος ἐξεβοήθει λαβὼν τὰ ὅπλα διὰ ταχέων ὀλίγους τῶν ἐκ τῆς κώμης φθάσαντας καθ᾿ ἓν γενέσθαι παραλαβών. κἀκεῖνοι οὐ δέχονται αὐτόν, ἀλλὰ φεύγουσιν ὑπαγόμενοι ἔνθα ἔμελλον ἐν καλῷ ὑποστρέψαντες ἐπιθήσεσθαι· ὁ δὲ Ῥῶμος κατ᾿ ἄγνοιαν τοῦ μηχανήματος ἄχρι πολλοῦ διώκων αὐτοὺς παραλλάττει τὸ λελοχισμένον χωρίον, κἀν τούτῳ ὅ τε λόχος ἀνίσταται καὶ οἱ φεύγοντες ὑποστρέφουσι. κυκλωσάμενοι δὲ αὐτοὺς καὶ πολλοῖς ἀράττοντες λίθοις λαμβάνουσιν ὑποχειρίους. ταύτην γὰρ εἶχον ἐκ τῶν δεσποτῶν τὴν παρακέλευσιν, ζῶντας αὐτοῖς τοὺς νεανίσκους κομίσαι. οὕτω μὲν δὴ χειρωθεὶς ὁ Ῥῶμος ἀπήγετο.

LXXX. Ὡς δὲ Τουβέρων Αἴλιος δεινὸς ἀνὴρ καὶ περὶ τὴν συναγωγὴν τῆς ἱστορίας ἐπιμελὴς γράφει, προειδότες οἱ τοῦ Νεμέτορος θύσοντας τὰ Λύκαια τοὺς νεανίσκους τῷ Πανὶ τὴν Ἀρκαδικὴν ὡς Εὔανδρος κατεστήσατο θυσίαν ἐνήδρευσαν τὸν καιρὸν ἐκεῖνον τῆς ἱερουργίας, ἡνίκα χρῆν τοὺς περὶ τὸ Παλλάντιον οἰκοῦντας τῶν νέων ἐκ τοῦ Λυκαίου

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Book I. 80

attacked the others’ folds by night. No wit happened that Romulus, together with the chief men of the village, had gone at the time to a place called Caenina to offer sacrifices for the community according to the custom of the country; but Remus, being informed of the foe’s attack, hastily armed himself and with a few of the villagers who had already got together went out to oppose them. And they, instead of awaiting him, retired, in order to draw him to the place where they intended to face about and attack him to advantage. Remus, being unaware of their stratagem, pursued them for a long distance, till he passed the place where the rest lay in ambush; thereupon these men rose up and at the same time the others who had been fleeing faced about. And having surrounded Remus and his men, they overwhelmed them with a shower of stones and took them prisoners; for they had received orders from their masters to bring the youths to them alive. Thus Remus was captured and led away.

LXXX. But1 Aelius Tubero,2 a shrewd man and careful in collecting his historical data, writes that Numitor’s people, knowing beforehand that the youths were going to celebrate in honour of Pan the Lupercalia,3 the Arcadian festival as instituted by Evander, set an ambush for that moment in the celebration when the youths living near the Palatine were, after offering sacrifice, to proceed from the

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.dionysius_halicarnassus-roman_antiquities.1937