ΛΥΣΙΑΣ ΣΥΡΑΚΟΥΣΙΟΣ ΠΑΤΡΟΘΕΝ
Λυσίας ὁ Κεφάλου Συρακουσίων μὲν ἦν γονέων, ἐγεννήθη δὲ Ἀθήνησι μετοικοῦντι τῷ πατρὶ καὶ συνεπαιδεύθη τοῖς ἐπιφανεστάτοις Ἀθηναίων. ἔτη δὲ πεντεκαίδεκα γεγονὼς εἰς Θουρίους ᾤχετο πλέων σὺν ἀδελφοῖς δυσίν, κοινωνήσων τῆς ἀποικίας, ἣν ἔστελλον Ἀθηναῖοί τε καὶ ἡ ἄλλη Ἑλλὰς δωδεκάτῳ πρότερον ἔτει τοῦ Πελοποννησιακοῦ πολέμου, καὶ διετέλεσεν αὐτόθι πολιτευόμενος ἐν εὐπορίᾳ πολλῇ καὶ <παιδευόμενος παρὰ Τισίᾳ τε καὶ Νικίᾳ>1 μέχρι τῆς συμφορᾶς τῆς κατασχούσης Ἀθηναίους ἐν Σικελίᾳ. μετ᾿ ἐκεῖνο δὲ τὸ πάθος στασιάσαντος τοῦ δήμου ἐκπίπτει σὺν ἄλλοις τριακοσίοις ἀττικισμὸν ἐγκληθείς. καὶ παραγενόμενος αὖθις εἰς Ἀθήνας κατὰ ἄρχοντα Καλλίαν, ἕβδομον καὶ τετταρακοστὸν ἔτος ἔχων, ὡς ἄν τις εἰκάσειεν, ἐξ ἐκείνου τοῦ χρόνου διετέλεσε τὰς διατριβὰς ποιούμενος Ἀθήνησι. πλείστους δὲ γράψας λόγους εἰς δικαστήριά τε καὶ βουλὰς καὶ πρὸς ἐκκλησίας εὐθέτους,
Lysias was the son of Syracusan parents, but he was1 born at Athens, where his father Cephalus was living as a resident alien, and he received the same education as the most illustrious citizens.1 At the age of fifteen he sailed away to Thurii with his two brothers2 to join in the foundation of a colony there, a Panhellenic venture promoted by the Athenians in the twelfth year before the Peloponnesian War.3 He continued to reside there as a citizen in considerable prosperity, and received further teaching from Tisias and Nicias, until the ill-fated Athenian expedition to Sicily. After that disaster there was a revolution, and he was exiled along with three hundred others on the charge of pro-Athenian sympathies. Returning to Athens in the archonship of Callias,4 when his age was presumably forty-seven, he lived and worked for the remainder of his life at Athens. He wrote many speeches for the lawcourts, and for debates in the Council and the Assembly, each well-adapted to its
- 1Dionysius here reproduces uncritically facts recorded by earlier biographers. Cf. First Letter to Ammaeus, 3.
- 2Polemarchus and Euthydemus.
- 3443/2 b.c., making 459 or 458 the date of Lysias’s birth. Acceptance of this date entails serious difficulties. See Dover, Lysias and the Corpus Lysiacum (1968) pp. 40–3, who prefers a later date. Thurii was founded near Sybaris in Italy.
- 4412–411 b.c.