Κεφ. ε΄. ΣΩΚΡΑΤΗΣ
18Σωκράτης Σωφρονίσκου μὲν ἦν υἱὸς λιθουργοῦ καὶ Φαιναρέτης μαίας, ὡς καὶ Πλάτων ἐν Θεαιτήτῳ φησίν, Ἀθηναῖος, τῶν δήμων Ἀλωπεκῆθεν. ἐδόκει δὲ συμποιεῖν Εὐριπίδῃ· ὅθεν Μνησίμαχος οὕτω φησί,
Φρύγες ἐστὶ καινὸν δρᾶμα τοῦτ᾿ Εὐριπίδου, . . . ᾧ καὶ Σωκράτης τὰ φρύγαν᾿ ὑποτίθησι.
καὶ πάλιν, “Εὐριπίδας σωκρατογόμφους.” καὶ Καλλίας Πεδήταις·
A. Τί δὴ σὺ σεμνὴ καὶ φρονεῖς οὕτω μέγα; B. Ἔξεστι γάρ μοι· Σωκράτης γὰρ αἴτιος.
Εὐριπίδῃ δ᾿ ὁ τὰς τραγῳδίας ποιῶν τὰς περιλαλούσας οὗτός ἐστι, τὰς σοφάς.
19Ἀκούσας δὲ Ἀναξαγόρου κατά τινας, ἀλλὰ καὶ Δάμωνος, ὡς Ἀλέξανδρος ἐν Διαδοχαῖς, μετὰ τὴν ἐκείνου καταδίκην διήκουσεν Ἀρχελάου τοῦ φυσικοῦ· οὗ καὶ παιδικὰ γενέσθαι φησὶν Ἀριστόξενος. Δοῦρις δὲ καὶ δουλεῦσαι αὐτὸν καὶ ἐργάσασθαι λίθους· εἶναί τε αὐτοῦ καὶ τὰς ἐν ἀκροπόλει Χάριτας ἔνιοί φασιν, ἐνδεδυμένας οὔσας. ὅθεν καὶ Τίμωνα ἐν τοῖς Σίλλοις εἰπεῖν·
Chapter 5. SOCRATES (469–399 b.c.)
Socrates was the son of Sophroniscus, a sculptor, and of Phaenarete, a midwife, as we read in the Theaetetus of Plato; he was a citizen of Athens and belonged to the deme Alopece. It was thought that he helped Euripides to make his plays; hence Mnesimachusa writes:
This new play of Euripides is The Phrygians; and Socrates provides the wood for frying.b
And again he calls Euripides “an engine riveted by Socrates.” And Callias in The Captivesc:
a. Pray why so solemn, why this lofty air? b. I’ve every right; I’m helped by Socrates.
Aristophanesd in The Clouds:
’Tis he composes for Euripides Those clever plays, much sound and little sense.
According to some authors he was a pupil of Anaxagoras, and also of Damon, as Alexander states in his Successions of Philosophers. When Anaxagoras was condemned, he became a pupil of Archelaus the physicist; Aristoxenus asserts that Archelaus was very fond of him. Duris makes him out to have been a slave and to have been employed on stonework, and the draped figures of the Graces on the Acropolis have by some been attributed to him. Hence the passage in Timon’s Sillie:
- aSo Cobet for vulgate Mnesilochus. retained by Meineke, C.G.F. ii. 371.
- bThere is a pun in Φρύγες and φρύγανα (=firewood).
- cMeineke, C.G.F. ii. 739.
- dA mistake for Teleclides: see Meineke, Comicorum Grae- corum Fragmenta, ii. p. 371 sq. Dindorf conjectured that τὰς σωκρατογόμφους belongs to the same passage of Teleclides’ Clouds and might well follow σοφάς.
- eFr. 25 d.