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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY VI

DIOGENES OF APOLLONIA [64 DK]

R Possible Pre-Aristotelian Echoes

See MED. T10; DERV. Col. XVII–XIX; DRAM. T10, T81

Peripatetic Reactions (R1–R12) Aristotle (R1–R7) Praise for the Unicity of Diogenes’ Principle (R1)

R1 (> A7) Arist. GC 1.6 322b9–19

ἀλλὰ μὴν οὐδ’ ἀλλοιοῦσθαι δυνατόν, οὐδὲ διακρίνεσθαι καὶ συγκρίνεσθαι, μηδενὸς ποιοῦντος μηδὲ πάσχοντος· [. . .] καὶ τοῦτο ὀρθῶς λέγει Διογένης, ὅτι εἰ μὴ ἐξ ἑνὸς ἦν ἅπαντα, οὐκ ἂν ἦν τὸ ποιεῖν καὶ τὸ πάσχειν ὑπ’ ἀλλήλων, οἷον τὸ θερμὸν ψύχεσθαι καὶ τοῦτο θερμαίνεσθαι πάλιν· οὐ γὰρ ἡ θερμότης μεταβάλλει καὶ ἡ ψυχρότης εἰς ἄλληλα, ἀλλὰ δηλόνοτι τὸ ὑποκείμενον. ὥστε ἐν οἷς τὸ ποιεῖν ἐστι καὶ πάσχειν, ἀνάγκη τούτων μίαν εἶναι τὴν ὑποκειμένην φύσιν.

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DIOGENES OF APOLLONIA

DIOGENES OF APOLLONIA

R Possible Pre-Aristotelian Echoes

See MED. T10; DERV. Col. XVII–XIX; DRAM. T10, T81

Peripatetic Reactions (R1–R12) Aristotle (R1–R7) Praise for the Unicity of Diogenes’ Principle (R1)

R1 (> A7) Aristotle, On Generation and Corruption

It is not possible that there be alteration either, any more than separation and reunion, if there is nothing that acts or that undergoes. [. . .] And Diogenes is right to say that if everything did not come from only one thing there would not be either reciprocal acting or undergoing, for example what is warm becoming cold and this becoming warm again: for it is not the warmth and the coldness that are transformed into each other, but, evidently, the substrate. So that in those things in which there is acting and undergoing, the nature that forms the substrate must necessarily be one.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.diogenes_apollonia-reception.2016