FRAGMENTA LIBRI XXXII
1. Ὅτι Καρχηδόνιοι πολεμήσαντες πρὸς Μασανάσσην ἔδοξαν καταλελυκέναι τὰς πρὸς Ῥωμαίους συνθήκας. πρεσβευσάντων δὲ αὐτῶν, ἀπόκρισιν ἔδωκαν εἰδέναι ὃ δεῖ γενέσθαι. ἀσαφῆ δὲ τὴν ἀπόκρισιν οἱ Καρχηδόνιοι λαβόντες ἐν μεγάλῃ ταραχῇ ὑπῆρχον.
2. Ὅτι οἱ τὰς ἡγεμονίας περιποιήσασθαι βουλόμενοι κτῶνται μὲν αὐτὰς ἀνδρείᾳ καὶ συνέσει, πρὸς αὔξησιν δὲ μεγάλην ἄγουσιν ἐπιεικείᾳ καὶ φιλανθρωπίᾳ, ἀσφαλίζονται δὲ φόβῳ καὶ καταπλήξει· τούτων δὲ τὰς ἀποδείξεις λάβοις ἂν1 ταῖς πάλαι ποτὲ συσταθείσαις δυναστείαις ἐπιστήσας τὸν νοῦν καὶ τῇ μετὰ ταῦτα γενομένῃ Ῥωμαίων ἡγεμονίᾳ.
3. Ὅτι τῶν πρεσβευτῶν τῶν Καρχηδονίων τοὺς2 αἰτίους τοῦ πολέμου τοῦ πρὸς Μασανάσσην κεκολακέναι3 ἀποφαινομένων, τῶν ἐκ τοῦ συνεδρίου τινὸς ἀναφωνήσαντος, Καὶ πῶς οὐ παρ᾿ αὐτὸν τὸν καιρὸν κατεδικάσθησαν οἱ τῆς διαφορᾶς αἴτιοι γεγονότες, ἀλλὰ μετὰ τὴν κατάλυσιν τοῦ πολέμου;
Fragments of Book XXXII
1. The Carthaginians, by engaging Masinissa in 150 b.c. war, were considered to have violated their treaty with Rome.1 Upon sending an embassy, they were told that the Romans knew what ought to be done. Since the answer they received was so ambiguous, the Carthaginians were greatly disturbed.
2. Those whose object is to gain dominion over others use courage and intelligence to get it, moderation and consideration for others to extend it widely, and paralysing terror to secure it against attack. The proofs of these propositions are to be found in attentive consideration of the history of such empires as were created in ancient times as well as of the Roman domination that succeeded them.2
3. When the envoys of the Carthaginians announced that they had punished those responsible3 for the war against Masinissa, a member of the senate exclaimed: “And why were those responsible for the dispute not punished then and there, instead of
- 1By the terms of the treaty of 201 b.c. the Carthaginians were forbidden to wage war, even in Africa, without the consent of Rome. In the winter of 151/0 b.c., after long provocation, they fought the Numidians in a brief and unsuccessful war.—This poorly condensed passage seems to be a mere doublet of chap. 3, though it may be noted that Appian, Pun. 74, mentions two embassies to Rome.
- 2Possibly, with chap. 4, an excerpt from the preface to the book.
- 3Hasdrubal and Carthalo (Appian, Pun. 74).