FRAGMENTA LIBRI XXX
7. 1. Ὅτι διασαφούντων τῶν Ῥωμαίων ὡς Περσέα κατεστρατήγησαν ἄνευ τῶν ὅπλων, ἐπεχείρησάν τινες τῶν ἐκ τῆς βουλῆς ἐπαινεῖν αὐτούς. οὐ μὴν τοῖς πρεσβυτάτοις ἤρεσκε τὸ γεγενημένον, ἀλλ᾿ ἔλεγον μὴ πρέπειν Ῥωμαίοις μιμεῖσθαι Φοίνικας ὥστε δι᾿ ἀπάτης ἀλλ᾿ οὐ δι᾿ ἀρετῆς τῶν πολεμίων περιγίνεσθαι.
(Const. Exc. 4, p. 364.)
Chap. 7. 2: see below, after Chap. 6.
1. Ὅτι ἡ σύγκλητος αὐθημερὸν ἐψηφίσατο τὸν πρὸς Περσέα πόλεμον καὶ τοῖς πρεσβευταῖς ἐχρημάτισε μέν, ἀπόκρισιν δὲ οὐδεμίαν ἔδωκε.1 προσέταξε δὲ τοῖς ὑπάτοις ἐν ἐκκλησίαις διαρρήδην ἀναγορεύειν2· τούς τε πρεσβευτὰς καὶ πάντας Μακεδόνας ἐκ μὲν Ῥώμης ἀπελθεῖν αὐθημερόν, ἐκ δὲ τῆς Ἰταλίας ἐν ἡμέραις τριάκοντα.
Fragments of Book XXX
7. 1. When the Roman (envoys) reported that 171 b.c. they had outwitted Perseus without recourse to arms, some members of the senate made a move to praise them. The older men, however, were far from pleased with what had been done, and said it did not become Romans to ape the Phoenicians, nor to get the better of their enemies by knavery rather than by bravery.1
1. On the same day the senate approved a declaration of war against Perseus, and though it gave an audience to his envoys, made no reply to their statements. In addition the senate ordered the consuls to make solemn proclamation before assemblies of the people, bidding the envoys and all other Macedonians depart from Rome that very day and from Italy within thirty days.2
2. Ptolemy, king of Egypt, knowing that his ancestors 170/69 b.c. had held Coelê Syria, made great preparations for war in support of his claim, hoping that since it had been detached in times past through an unjust
- 1Cp. Livy, 42. 47. The episode evidently refers to the story that in order to gain time for Rome to prepare, Q. Marcius Philippus persuaded Perseus to send one more embassy to Rome (Livy, 42. 38–43). The excerpt accordingly belongs here (or at the end of Book 29), before the outbreak of hostilities. On the embassy of Marcius and its relation to the conditional declaration of war (Livy, 42. 30. 10–11) see Walbank, J.R.S. 31 (1941), 82 ff.
- 2Cp. Polybius, 27. 6; Livy, 42. 48.