FRAGMENTA LIBRI XXIX
1. Ὅτι τὸ Δήλιον ἱερὸν ἦν οὐ μακρὰν ἀπέχον τῆς Χαλκίδος . . . διόπερ ὁ βασιλεὺς ὑπὸ τῶν Ἑλλήνων ἐβλασφημεῖτο, τὴν ἀρχὴν τοῦ1 πρὸς Ῥωμαίους πολέμου πεποιημένος ἐξ ἀσεβείας. οὗ †συνελθόντος2 Φλαμίνιος3 περὶ Κόρινθον διατρίβων ἐπεμαρτύρατο πάντας ἀνθρώπους τε καὶ θεοὺς ἐπὶ τῷ προκατῆρχθαι τοῦ πολέμου τὸν βασιλέα.
2. Ὅτι Ἀντίοχος ἐν Δημητριάδι τὴν παραχειμασίαν ποιούμενος καὶ πλείω τῶν πεντήκοντα ἐτῶν βεβιωκὼς τῆς μὲν περὶ τὸν πόλεμον παρασκευῆς ἠμέλησε, παρθένου δὲ εὐπρεποῦς ἐρασθεὶς ἐκάθητο τοὺς ταύτης ἐπιτελῶν γάμους καὶ πανηγύρεις λαμπρὰς συνήγαγε. ταῦτα δὲ πράττων οὐ μόνον ἑαυτοῦ τὸ σῶμα καὶ τὴν ψυχὴν διέφθειρεν, ἀλλὰ καὶ τὰς τῶν δυνάμεων ὁρμὰς ἐξέλυσε, καὶ οἱ στρατιῶται τὸν χειμῶνα κατατετριφότες ἐν ἀνέσει καὶ τρυφῇ κακῶς ἀπήλλαττον ἐν ταῖς ἀπορίαις,4 οὔτε δίψαν οὔτε ἄλλην κακοπάθειαν φέρειν δυνάμενοι. διόπερ
Fragments of Book XXIX
1. Delium was a sanctuary, not far distant from 192 b.c. Chalcis. . . .1 Because he had thus begun the war against Rome with an act of sacrilege the king was vilified by the Greeks . . . and Flamininus, who was then at Corinth, called upon all men and gods to bear him witness that the first act of aggression in the war had been committed by the king.
2. Antiochus established his winter quarters at 192/1 b.c. Demetrias. Being now more than fifty years old, he neglected to make preparations for the war, but having fallen in love with a beautiful maiden, whiled away the time in celebrating his marriage to her, and held brilliant assemblies and festivals.2 By this behaviour he not only ruined himself, body and mind, but also demoralized his army. Indeed, his soldiers, after passing the whole winter in ease and soft living, acquitted themselves poorly when confronted with scarcity,3 being unable to endure thirst or other
- 1Here, in the sacred precinct of Apollo, the soldiers of Antiochus surprised and all but annihilated a body of 500 Romans: see Livy, 35. 50–51. T. Quinctius Flamininus, the victor of Cynoscephaiae (197 b.c.), was a member of the commission sent to Greece to oppose Aetolian influence and rally the Greeks against Antiochus (Livy, 35. 23).
- 2Polybius, 20. 8, and Livy, 36. 11, identify the bride as a Chalcidian, the daughter of Cleoptolemus, and place the scene of the wedding at Chalcis, whither Antiochus had proceeded from Demetrias in Thessaly.
- 3Or perhaps “on the march,” See critical note.