Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History

LCL 409: 228-229

Go To Section
Go To Section

Diodorus of Sicily


1. Ὅτι Φίλιππος ὁ τῶν Μακεδόνων βασιλεὺς Δικαίαρχον τὸν Αἰτωλόν, ἄνδρα τολμηρόν, πείσας πειρατεύειν ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ1 ναῦς εἴκοσι· προσέταξε δὲ τὰς μὲν νήσους φορολογεῖν, τοῖς δὲ Κρησὶ παραβοηθεῖν ἐν τῷ πρὸς Ῥοδίους πολέμῳ. οὗτος2 δὲ κατὰ τὰς ἐντολὰς τοὺς μὲν ἐμπόρους ἐλῄστευε, τὰς δὲ νήσους λεηλατῶν ἀργύριον εἰσεπράττετο.

2. Ὅτι Φίλιππος ὁ τῶν Μακεδόνων βασιλεὺς Ἡρακλείδην τινὰ Ταραντῖνον εἶχε μεθ᾿ ἑαυτοῦ, πονηρὸν ἄνθρωπον, ὃς κατ᾿ ἰδίαν αὐτῷ λαλῶν πολλὰς καὶ ψευδεῖς διαβολὰς τῶν ἐν ἀξιώματι κειμένων φίλων ἔλεγε· τέλος δὲ εἰς τοῦτο ἦλθεν ἀσεβείας ὥστε τοὺς πρώτους τοῦ συνεδρίου πέντε ἄνδρας ἀπέσφαξε. διὸ καὶ τὸ λοιπὸν ἐπὶ τὸ χεῖρον αὐτῷ τὰ πράγματα προήγετο3· πολέμους γὰρ οὐκ ἀναγκαίους ἐπαναιρούμενος ἐκινδύνευσεν ἀποβαλεῖν τὴν βασιλείαν ὑπὸ Ῥωμαίων. οὐκέτι γὰρ οὐδεὶς ἐτόλμα τῶν φίλων ἔχειν4 παρρησίαν οὐδὲ ἐπιπλήττειν



Fragments of Book XXVIII

1. Philip, the king of the Macedonians,1 induced c. 204 b.c. Dicaearchus of Aetolia, a bold adventurer, to engage in piracy, and gave him twenty ships. He ordered him to levy tribute on the islands and to support the Cretans in their war against the Rhodians.2 Obedient to these commands Dicaearchus harried commercial shipping, and by marauding raids exacted money from the islands.3

2. Philip, the king of the Macedonians, had by him a certain knavish fellow, Heracleides of Tarentum,4 who in private conversations with the king made many false and malicious charges against the friends whom Philip held in high esteem. Eventually Philip sank so low in impiety as to murder five leading members of the council. From that point on his situation deteriorated, and by embarking upon unnecessary wars he came near losing his kingdom at the hands of the Romans. For none of his friends any longer dared speak their minds or rebuke the

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.diodorus_siculus-library_history.1933