Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History

LCL 409: 144-145

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Diodorus of Sicily


1. Ὅτι1 Ἐπίκουρος ὁ φιλόσοφος ἐν2 ταῖς ἐπιγεγραμμέναις3 ὑπ᾿ αὐτοῦ Κυρίαις Δόξαις ἀπεφήνατο τὸν μὲν δίκαιον βίον ἀτάραχον ὑπάρχειν, τὸν δὲ ἄδικον πλείστης ταραχῆς γέμειν, βραχεῖ παντελῶς λόγῳ πολὺν καὶ4 ἀληθῆ νοῦν περιλαβὼν καὶ τὸ σύνολον δυνάμενον τὴν κακίαν τῶν ἀνθρώπων διορθοῦσθαι. ἡ γὰρ ἀδικία μητρόπολις οὖσα τῶν κακῶν οὐ μόνον τοῖς ἰδιώταις ἀλλὰ καὶ αὐτοῖς5 συλλήβδην ἔθνεσι καὶ δήμοις καὶ βασιλεῦσι τὰς μεγίστας ἀπεργάζεται συμφοράς.

(Const. Exc. 4, p. 352; Exc. Hoesch. p. 509 W.)

2. Ὅτι οἱ Καρχηδόνιοι περὶ τῆς Σικελίας μεγάλους ἀγῶνας καὶ κινδύνους ὑπομείναντες καὶ πρὸς Ῥωμαίους εἴκοσι τέτταρα ἔτη συνεχῶς διαπολεμήσαντες οὐ τηλικούτων ἐπειράθησαν ἀτυχημάτων6 ὅσων7 ὁ πόλεμος αὐτοῖς αἴτιος ὑπῆρξεν ὁ πρὸς τοὺς ἀδικηθέντας ὑπ᾿ αὐτῶν μισθοφόρους. ἀποστερήσαντες γὰρ τοὺς ὀφειλομένους μισθοὺς τοῖς ἀλλοεθνέσιν παρ᾿ ὀλίγον αὐτῆς τῆς ἡγεμονίας ἅμα καὶ τῆς πατρίδος ἐστερήθησαν. οἱ γὰρ ἀδικηθέντες μισθοφόροι


Book XXV

Fragments of Book XXV

1. Epicurus the philosopher, in his work entitled Principal Doctrines, declared that whereas the just life is unperturbed, the unjust is heavily burdened with perturbation. Thus in a single brief sentence he encompassed much true wisdom, which has, moreover, in general the power to correct the evil that is in man. For injustice, as it is a very metropolis of evils, brings the greatest misfortunes not only upon private citizens, but also collectively upon actual nations and peoples, and upon kings.1

2. Though the Carthaginians had endured great 241–238 or 237 b.c. struggles and perils over Sicily and had been continuously at war with the Romans for twenty-four years, they experienced no disasters so great as those brought upon them by the war against the mercenaries2 whom they had wronged. For as a result of defrauding their foreign troops of the arrears of pay that were due, they very nearly lost their empire and even their own country. For the mercenaries

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.diodorus_siculus-library_history.1933