Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History

LCL 375: 52-53

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Diodorus of Sicily


1. Ὅτι Σερούιος Τύλλιος Ταρκυνίου ἐπιθεμένου παραγενηθεὶς εἰς τὸ βουλευτήριον, καὶ θεασάμενος τὴν καθ᾿ ἑαυτοῦ παρασκευήν, τοσοῦτον μόνον εἶπε, Τίς ἡ τόλμα, Ταρκύνιε; ὁ δὲ ὑπολαβών, Ἡ μὲν οὖν σή, φησί, τίς, ὃς δουλέκδουλος ὢν Ῥωμαίων βασιλεύειν ἐτόλμησας καὶ τῆς τοῦ πατρὸς ἡγεμονίας ἡμῖν προσηκούσης παρανόμως ἀφείλου τὴν οὐδὲ καθ᾿ ἕνα σοι τρόπον ἐπιβάλλουσαν ἀρχήν; ταῦτα λέγων ἅμα προσέδραμε καὶ δραξάμενος τῆς τοῦ Τυλλίου χειρὸς ἔρριψεν αὐτὸν κατὰ τῆς κρηπῖδος. καὶ διαναστὰς καὶ χωλεύων διὰ τὸ πτῶμα ἐπεχείρησε φυγεῖν, ἀπεκτάνθη δέ.

(Const. Exc. 4, p. 293.)

2. Ὅτι Σερουίος Τύλλιος ὁ Ῥωμαίων βασιλεὺς ἐβασίλευσεν ἔτη τετταράκοντα τέτταρα, διὰ τῆς ἰδίας ἀρετῆς κατωρθωκὼς οὐκ ὀλίγα τῶν κοινῶν.

3. Ὅτι ἐπ᾿ ἄρχοντος Ἀθήνησι Θηρικλέους κατὰ τὴν ἑξηκοστὴν πρωτὴν Ὀλυμπιάδα Πυθαγόρας ὁ φιλόσοφος ἐγνωρίζετο, προκεκοφὼς ἤδη ἐν παιδείᾳ· γέγονε γὰρ ἱστορίας ἄξιος, εἰ καί τις ἕτερος τῶν


Fragments of Book IX

Fragments of Book X

1. Servius Tullius, on the occasion of the uprising of Tarquinius,1 came into the Senate, and when he saw the extent of the intrigue against him, he did no more than to say, “What presumption, O Tarquinius, is this?” Tarquinius replied, “Nay, what presumption is yours, who, though slave and son of a slave, have presumed to rule as king over the Romans, and who, although the leadership my father had belongs to me, have illegally taken from me the rule to which you in no single respect have a claim?” With these words he rushed at Tullius, and seizing him by the arm he hurled him down the steps.2 Tullius picked himself up and, limping from the fall, endeavoured to flee, but was put to death.

2. Servius Tullius, the king of the Romans, enjoyed a rule of forty-four years,3 successfully establishing not a few institutions in the commonwealth by virtue of his own high character.

3. When Thericles was archon in Athens in the Sixty-first Olympiad, Pythagoras, the philosopher, was generally recognized,4 having already far advanced in learning; for if there is any man of those who have cultivated learning deserving of a place

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.diodorus_siculus-library_history.1933