De Vita Et Scriptis Dionis Testimonia Et Ivdicia
Philostratus, one of the most distinguished sophists of the third century of our era, is perhaps our most important witness. In his Lives of the Sophists he testifies to Dio’s effectiveness as a public speaker, his intimacy with Trajan, and his sincerity of purpose, explaining that the Praise of the Parrot, now lost, was a typically sophistic exercise, belonging to Dio’s earlier career. He also adds some interesting details
2. Lucianus Peregrin. c. 18
Lucian, whose literary career followed that of Dio after an interval of only a few years, has left us one brief reference to our author, but that he regarded Dio as a philosopher worthy
Πλὴν ἀλλὰ καὶ τοῦτο κλεινὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ διὰ στόματος ἦν ἅπασιν, ὁ φιλόσοφος διὰ τὴν παρρησίαν καὶ τὴν ἄγαν ἐλευθερίαν ἐξελαθείς· καὶ προσήλαυνε κατὰ τοῦτο τῷ Μουσωνίῳ καὶ Δίωνι καὶ Ἐπικτήτῳ καὶ εἴ τις ἄλλος ἐν περιστάσει τοιαύτῃ ἐγένετο.
3. Themistius Orat. V, p. 63 d
Themistius, whose career covered most of the fourth century, is perhaps best known for his Paraphrases of Aristotle, but he achieved eminence as a public speaker at Constantinople,
Οὕτω καὶ οἱ πατέρες τῆς σῆς βασιλείας τοὺς
Testimony Regarding Dio’s Life and Writings
concerning Dio’s exile, for example, that he carried with him Plato’s Phaedo and Demosthenes’ On the False Embassy, information presumably gleaned from writings since lost. Scattered allusions to Dio in Philostratus’ Life of Apollonius, though in themselves less significant and possibly somewhat fanciful, reinforce what is told in the Lives of the Sophists.1
of respect may be inferred from his having coupled him with Musonius and Epictetus.
Peregrinus: However, this too brought him (Peregrinus) renown, and he was on everybody’s tongue, “the philosopher who was exiled for his frankness and extreme independence”; and in this particular he came close to Musonius and Dio and Epictetus and any one else who found himself in like situation.
and the following testimony to Trajan’s fondness for Dio comes from one of his addresses. It is noteworthy chiefly as an early allusion to Dio’s title, Chrysostomos.
Discourses: Thus also the fathers of your empire