Dio’s Roman History

Epitome of Book LXX

1Ἰστέον ὅτι τὰ περὶ τοῦ Ἀντωνίνου τοῦ Εὐσεβοῦς ἐν τοῖς ἀντιγράφοις τοῦ Δίωνος οὐχ εὑρίσκεται, παθόντων τι ὡς εἰκὸς τῶν βιβλίων, ὥστε ἀγνοεῖσθαι τὴν κατ᾿ αὐτὸν ἱστορίαν σχεδὸν σύμπασαν, πλὴν ὅτι τοῦ Λουκίου Κομόδου, ὃν ὁ Ἀδριανὸς ἐποιήσατο, πρὸ τοῦ Ἀδριανοῦ τελευτήσαντος οὗτος παρ᾿ ἐκείνου καὶ ἐποιήθη καὶ 2αὐτοκράτωρ ἐγένετο (cf. 69, 20), καὶ ὅτι μὴ βουλομένης τῆς γερουσίας τὰς ἡρωικὰς τιμὰς δοῦναι τῷ Ἁδριανῷ τελευτήσαντι διά τινας φόνους ἐπιφανῶν ἀνδρῶν, ὁ Ἀντωνῖνος ἄλλα τε πολλὰ δακρύων καὶ ὀδυρόμενος αὐτοῖς διελέχθη, καὶ τέλος εἶπεν “οὐδὲ ἐγὼ ἄρα ὑμῶν ἄρξω, εἴγε ἐκεῖνος καὶ κακὸς καὶ ἐχθρὸς ὑμῖν καὶ 3πολέμιος ἐγένετο· πάντα γὰρ δῆλον ὅτι τὰ πραχθέντα ὑπ᾿ αὐτοῦ, ὧν ἓν καὶ ἡ ἐμὴ ποίησίς ἐστι, καταλύσετε.” ἀκούσασα δὲ τοῦτο1 ἡ γερουσία καὶ αἰδεσθεῖσα τὸν ἄνδρα, τὸ δέ τι καὶ τοὺς στρατιώτας φοβηθεῖσα, ἀπέδωκε τῷ Ἁδριανῷ τὰς τιμάς.

2Ταῦτα μόνα περὶ τοῦ Ἀντωνίνου ἐν τῷ Δίωνι σώζεται, καὶ ὅτι Αὔγουστον αὐτὸν καὶ Εὐσεβῆ διὰ τοιαύτην αἰτίαν ἐπωνόμασεν ἡ βουλή, ἐπειδὴ ἐν τῇ ἀρχῇ τῆς αὐτοκρατορίας αὐτοῦ πολλῶν αἰτιαθέντων καί τινων καὶ ὀνομαστὶ ἐξαιτηθέντων ὅμως οὐδένα ἐκόλασεν, εἰπὼν ὅτι “οὐ δεῖ με ἀπὸ τοιούτων ἔργων τῆς προστασίας ὑμῶν ἄρξασθαι.”—Xiph. 256, 6–28 R. St.


Epitome of Book LXX

Epitome of Book LXX

It should be noted that the account of Antoninus Pius is not found in the copies of Dio, probably because the books have met with some accident, so that the history of his reign is almost wholly unknown; save that when Lucius Commodus, whom Hadrian had adopted, died before Hadrian, Antoninus was both adopted by him and became emperor, and that when the senate demurred to giving divine honours to Hadrian after his death on account of certain murders of eminent men, Antoninus addressed many words to them with tears and lamentations, and finally said: “Well, then, I will not govern you either, if he has become in your eyes base and hostile and a public foe. For in that case you will, of course, soon annul all his acts, of which my adoption was one.” On hearing this the senate, both through respect for the man and through a certain fear of the soldiers, bestowed the honours upon Hadrian.

Only this in regard to Antoninus is preserved in Dio; and also the fact that the senate gave him the titles both of Augustus and of Pius for some such reason as the following. When, in the beginning of his reign, accusation was brought against many men, some of whom were demanded by name for punishment, he nevertheless punished no one saying: “I must not begin my career as your leader with such deeds.”

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.dio_cassius-roman_history.1914