Dio Cassius, Roman History

LCL 37: 434-435

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Dio’s Roman History

Fragments of Book XXVI

87Ὅτι αἱ ἱέρειαι τὸ πλεῖστον αὐταὶ τοῦ τε ὀλέθρου καὶ τῆς αἰσχύνης ὦφλον, συχνοῖς δὲ δὴ καὶ ἄλλοις μεγάλων κακῶν αἴτιαι ἐγένοντο, ἥ τε πόλις ἅπασα ἀπ᾿ αὐτῶν ἐταράχθη. ἐκλογιζόμενοι γὰρ ὅτι τὰ ὑπὸ τοῦ νόμου ἄχραντα καὶ τὰ ὑπὸ τῆς θρησκείας ἅγια ἔκ τε τοῦ φόβου1 τῆς τιμωρίας κόσμια ἐλυμάνθη, οὐδὲν ὅ τι οὐχ ὑπετόπουν τῶν αἰσχίστων καὶ ἀνοσιωτάτων δύνασθαι 2γενέσθαι. καὶ διὰ τοῦτο καὶ τὰς κολάσεις οὐ μόνων τῶν ἐλεγχθέντων ἀλλὰ καὶ τῶν ἄλλων πάντων τῶν αἰτιαθέντων μίσει τοῦ συμβεβηκότος ἐποιήσαντο. ὅθεν οὐκ ἐκ γυναικείας ἔτι ἀσελγείας,2 ἀλλ᾿ ἐκ δαιμονίας τινὸς ὀργῆς σύμπαντα τὰ3 κατ᾿ αὐτὰς συμβῆναι ἔδοξεν.—V. 75 (p. 626).

3Ὅτι τρεῖς ἅμα ἠνδρώθησαν, καὶ αὐτῶν Μαρκία μὲν αὐτή4 τε καθ᾿ αὑτὴν καὶ πρὸς ἕνα τινὰ ἱππέα ᾐσχύνθη, κἂν διέλαθεν, εἰ μήπερ ἡ ζήτησις ἐπὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἐπὶ πλεῖον ἀρθεῖσα καὶ ἐκείνην προσκατέλαβεν· Αἰμιλία δὲ καὶ Λικιννία πλῆθος



Fragments of Book XXVI

The priestesses bore the chief punishment and b.c. 114 shame themselves, but they proved the source of great evils to various others as well, while the entire city was agitated on their account. For the people, considering that what was immaculate by law and sacred by religion and decent through fear of punishment had been polluted, were ready to believe that anything most shameful and unholy might be done. For this reason they visited punishment, not only on the convicted, but also on all the rest who had been accused, to show their hatred of what had occurred. Hence the whole affair in which the women were concerned seemed now to have been due not so much to feminine incontinence as to the wrath of some god.

Three had known men at the same time. Of these Marcia had acted by herself, granting her favours to one single knight, and would never have been discovered, had not the investigation into the cases of the others extended and involved her also; Aemilia and Licinia, on the other hand, had a multitude of

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.dio_cassius-roman_history.1914