Dio Cassius, Roman History

LCL 37: 430-431

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Dio’s Roman History

Fragments of Book XXV

85Ὅτι ὁ Γράκχος τὴν μὲν γνώμην ὁμοίαν τῷ ἀδελφῷ εἶχεν, πλὴν καθ᾿ ὅσον ἐκεῖνος μὲν1 ἀπ᾿ ἀρετῆς ἐς φιλοτιμίαν καὶ ἐξ αὐτῆς ἐς κακίαν ἐξώκειλεν, οὗτος δὲ ταραχώδης τε φύσει ἦν καὶ ἑκὼν ἐπονηρεύετο, τῇ δὲ δὴ παρασκευῇ τῶν λόγων πολὺ αὐτοῦ προέφερε. καὶ διὰ ταῦτα ταῖς τε ἐπινοίαις κακοτροπωτέραις καὶ ταῖς τόλμαις προχειροτέραις τῇ τε αὐθαδείᾳ πλείονι πρὸς 2πάντας2 ὁμοίως ἐχρῆτο. πρῶτός τε ἐν τοῖς συλλόγοις μεταξὺ δημηγορῶν3 ἐβάδιζε, καὶ τὸν βραχίονα πρῶτος ἀπεγύμνωσεν, ὥστε μηδέτερον αὐτῶν κακὸν4 ἐξ ἐκείνου νομισθῆναι. καὶ ἐπειδή γε πολλῇ μὲν πυκνότητι ἐνθυμημάτων πολλῇ δὲ καὶ σφοδρότητι ὀνομάτων ἐπίπαν ἐδημηγόρει, καὶ ἐκ τούτου οὔτε κατέχειν ῥᾳδίως ἑαυτὸν ἐδύνατο καὶ5 πολλάκις ἐς ἃ οὐκ ἤθελεν εἰπεῖν ἐξεφέρετο, αὐλητὴν ἐπήγετο, καὶ παρ᾿ ἐκείνου ὑπαυλοῦντός οἱ ἐρρυθμίζετο καὶ ἐμετρίαζεν, ἢ καὶ εἴ 3πῃ καὶ ὣς ἐξέπιπτεν καθίστατο. τοιοῦτος οὖν

430

Book XXV

Fragments of Book XXV

Gracchus had the same principles as his brother; only the latter had drifted from excellence into ambition and thence into baseness, whereas this man was naturally turbulent and played the rogue voluntarily; and he far surpassed the other in his gift of language. For these reasons his designs were more mischievous, his daring more spontaneous, and his arrogance greater toward all alike. He was the first to walk up and down in the assemblies while delivering a speech and the first to bare his arm; hence neither of these practices has been thought improper since his time. And because his speaking was generally characterised by great condensation of thought and vigour of language and he consequently was unable to restrain himself easily, but was often led to say more than he wished, he used to bring in a flute-player, and from him, as he played an accompaniment, he would gain moderation and self-control; or, if even then he managed to get out of bounds, he would stop. This was the sort of man

431
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.dio_cassius-roman_history.1914