Dio Cassius, Roman History

LCL 37: 422-423

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Dio’s Roman History

Fragments of Book XXIV

83Ὅτι ὁ Γράκχος ὁ Τιβέριος ἐτάραξε τὰ τῶν Ῥωμαίων, καίπερ καὶ γένους ἐς τὰ πρῶτα πρὸς τὸν πάππον τὸν Ἀφρικανὸν ἀνήκων, καὶ φύσει ἀξίᾳ αὐτοῦ χρώμενος, τά τε τῆς παιδείας ἔργα ἐν τοῖς μάλιστα ἀσκήσας, καὶ φρόνημα μέγα ἔχων. ὅσῳ γὰρ πλείω καὶ ἰσχυρότερα ταῦτα ἐκέκτητο, μᾶλλον ἔς τε φιλοτιμίαν ἀπ᾿ αὐτῶν προήχθη, καὶ ἐπειδὴ ἅπαξ ἔξω τοῦ βελτίστου παρετράπη, καὶ 2ἄκων ἐς τὸ κάκιστον ἐξώκειλε. ἐπειδὴ γὰρ αὐτῷ τὰ τῶν Νουμαντίνων ἐπινίκια ἀπεψηφίσθη, καὶ αὐτός, τιμηθήσεσθαι πρότερον ἅτε καὶ πρυτανεύσας αὐτὰ ἐλπίσας, οὐχ ὅπως τοιούτου τινὸς ἔτυχεν, ἀλλὰ καὶ προσεκινδύνευσεν ἐκδοθῆναι, ἔγνω καὶ τὰ πράγματα οὐκ ἀπ᾿ ἀρετῆς οὐδὲ ἐπ᾿ ἀληθείας, 3ἀλλ᾿ ὥς που καὶ ἔτυχεν, ἐξεταζόμενα. ταύτην μὲν τὴν ὁδὸν τῆς δόξης ὡς οὐκ ἀσφαλῆ ἀφῆκε,



Fragments of Book XXIV

Tiberius Gracchus caused an upheaval of the b.c. 133 Roman state notwithstanding the fact that he belonged to one of the foremost families through his grandfather, Africanus, that he possessed a natural endowment worthy of the latter, had received a most thorough course of education, and had a proud spirit. For in direct proportion to the number and magnitude of the advantages he possessed was the allurement they offered him to follow his ambition; and when once he had turned aside from what was best, he drifted, quite in spite of himself, into what was worst. It began with his being refused a triumph1 over the Numantines; he had previously been hoping to be honoured inasmuch as he had conducted the negotiations, but so far from obtaining any such reward, he actually came near being delivered up. Then he decided that deeds were estimated not on the basis of worth or genuineness, but according to mere chance. So he abandoned this road to fame as

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.dio_cassius-roman_history.1914