Dio Cassius, Roman History

LCL 32: 12-13

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Dio’s Roman History

5, 1Ἔδει δὲ1 (οὐ γὰρ ἔστιν οὔτε προϊδέσθαι πάντα ἀνθρώπῳ ὄντι οὔτ᾿ ἀποτροπὴν τῶν ἀναγκαίως ἐσομένων εὑρεῖν) τιμωρούς τινας τῆς ἀδικίας αὐτοῦ ἐκ τῆς κόρης ἐκείνης γεννηθῆναι.—M. 4 (p. 136).

Zonaras 7, 1.

Καὶ ταῦτα μὲν περὶ Λαουινίου καὶ Ἀλβανῶν· τὰ δὲ τῶν Ῥωμαίων ἀρχὴν ἐσχήκασι τὸν Νομίτορά τε καὶ τὸν Ἀμούλιον, οἱ Ἀουεντίνου μὲν ἐγένοντο υἱωνοί, τοῦ δ᾿ Αἰνείου ἀπόγονοι.

Tzetzes in Lycophr. Alex. v. 1232.

Μέχρι τούτου τὰ περὶ Ἄλβης καὶ Ἀλβανῶν. τὰ δὲ περὶ Ῥώμης ἐντεῦθεν. Ἀβεντῖνος γεννᾷ Νομήτορα καὶ Ἀμούλιον, ἢ κατά τινας τὸν Πρόκαν. τοῦ Πρόκα δὲ τούτου λέγουσι παῖδας τοῦτον τὸν Νομήτορα καὶ Ἀμούλιον. βασιλεύοντα δὲ τὸν Νομήτορα ὁ Ἀμούλιος ἐξήλασε, καὶ Αἰγέστην τὸν Νομήτορος υἱὸν ἐν κυνηγεσίῳ ἀναιρεῖ, τὴν δὲ ἀδελφὴν Αἰγέστου, θυγατέρα δὲ τοῦ προρρηθέντος Νομήτορος, Σιλουίαν ἢ Ῥέαν Ἰλίαν ἱέρειαν τῆς θεᾶς Ἑστίας ποιεῖ, ὡς ἂν παρθένος διαμείνῃ· ἐδεδίει γάρ τινα χρησμὸν λέγοντα ὑπὸ τῶν Νομήτορος παίδων αὐτὸν ἀναιρεθῆναι. διά τοι τοῦτο τὸν μὲν Αἰγέστην ἀνεῖλε, τὴν δὲ ἱέρειαν τῆς Ἑστίας ἐποίησεν, ὅπως παρθένος καὶ ἄπαις διαμείνῃ. ἡ δὲ ἐν Ἄρεος ἄλσει ὑδρευομένη ἔγκυος γίνεται, καὶ γεννᾷ Ῥωμύλον καὶ Ῥῶμον. καὶ τήνδε μὲν ἐξαιτεῖται μὴ ἀποθανεῖν ἡ τοῦ Ἀμουλίου


Book I

It is impossible for mortal man either to foresee all that is to happen or to find a way of turning aside the inevitable: of this very maiden [Rhea Silvia] were to be born the avengers of his crime.

Zonaras 7, 1.

So much for Lavinium and the Albans. But the history of the Romans begins with Numitor and Amulius, who were grandsons of Aventinus and descendants of Aeneas.

Tzetzes in Lycophr. Alex. v. 1232.

So much regarding Alba and the Albans; the story of Rome now begins. Aventinus begat Numitor and Amulius,—or Procas, according to some; and this man’s sons, they say, were the aforesaid Numitor and Amulius. Numitor while king was driven out by Amulius, who killed Numitor’s son Aegestes on a hunting party and made Silvia, or Rhea Ilia, the sister of Aegestes, and daughter of the aforesaid Numitor, a priestess of Vesta, so that she might remain a virgin. For he stood in dread of an oracle which declared that he should be slain by the children of Numitor. It was for this reason that he killed Aegestes and made his sister priestess of Vesta, that she might continue a virgin and childless. But she while drawing water in Mars’ grove conceived, and bore Romulus and Remus. The daughter of Amulius by her entreaties saved her from being put

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.dio_cassius-roman_history.1914