Πολλὰ καὶ μεγάλ᾿ ἐψευσμένου πρὸς ὑμᾶς Ἀφόβου, τοῦτ᾿ αὐτὸν ἐλέγξαι πειράσομαι πρῶτον, ἐφ᾿ ᾧ μάλιστ᾿ ἠγανάκτησα τῶν ῥηθέντων. εἶπε γὰρ ὡς ὁ πάππος ὤφειλε τῷ δημοσίῳ, καὶ διὰ ταῦθ᾿ ὁ πατὴρ οὐκ ἐβούλετο μισθωθῆναι τὸν οἶκον, ἵνα μὴ κινδυνεύσῃ. καὶ τὴν μὲν πρόφασιν ποιεῖται ταύτην, ὡς δ᾿ ὀφείλων ἐτελεύτησεν ἐκεῖνος, οὐδεμίαν παρέσχετο μαρτυρίαν· ἀλλ᾿ ὡς μὲν ὦφλεν, ἐνεβάλετο τηρήσας τὴν τελευταίαν ἡμέραν, ταύτην δ᾿ εἰς τὸν ὕστερον λόγον ὑπελίπετο, ὡς διαβαλεῖν τὸ πρᾶγμ᾿ 2ἐξ αὐτῆς δυνησόμενος. ἐὰν οὖν ἀναγνῷ, προσέχετ᾿ αὐτῇ τὸν νοῦν· εὑρήσετε γὰρ οὐχ ὡς ὀφείλει μεμαρτυρημένον, ἀλλ᾿ ὡς ὦφλεν. τοῦτ᾿ οὖν ἐλέγξαι πειράσομαι πρῶτον, ἐφ᾿ ᾧ φρονεῖ μάλιστα· ὃ καὶ
Of the many outrageous lies which Aphobus uttered in his address to you, I shall try to refute, first, that one at which I felt greater indignation than at anything else he said. For he declared that my grandfather was a debtor to the state, and that for this reason my father would not have the property let, for fear of the risks he would run.a This is the pretence he uses; but he brought forward no proof that my grandfather died indebted to the state. He did introduce evidence that he became a state-debtor, but he waited until the last day,b and kept this evidence for his second speech, thinking that by it he would be able to give a malicious turn to the matter. So, if he reads it, give close heed. For you2 will find that the evidence adduced proves not that my grandfather is a state-debtor, but that he was one. I shall undertake first to refute this charge of which he thinks to make so much, and which we
- aThe property would be let at a public hearing before the Archon, and its value could not be concealed. If, therefore, the elder Demosthenes, as the heir of Gylon, was indebted to the state, the property might be confiscated to satisfy the debt.
- bAll documents, citations of statutes, etc., pertaining to the case had to be submitted in written form before the suit was called. They were then sealed in a box (ἐχῖνος), which might not be opened until the documents in question were wanted in the trial. By waiting until the last day to file this particular bit of evidence Aphobus prevented Demosthenes from filing any documents to combat it. The latter was therefore “ensnared by lack of time” (§ 2).