The poets of old comedy


i Suda κ 2339

Κράτης, Ἀθηναῖος, κωμικός· οὗ ἦν ἀδελφὸς Ἐπίλυκος, ποιητὴς ἐπῶν. δράματα δὲ αὐτοῦ εἰσιν ζ´· Γείτονες, Ἥρωες, Θηρία, Λάμια, Πεδῆται, Σάμιοι. ἔγραψε δὲ καὶ καταλογάδην τινά.

ii Diogenes Laertius 4.23

γεγόνασι δὲ Κράτητες δέκα· πρῶτος ὁ τῆς ἀρχαίας κωμῳδίας ποιητής.

iii Canons of the Comedians, tab. M cap. 4

κωμῳδοποιοὶ ἀρχαίας ζ´· Ἐπίχαρμος, Κρατῖνος, Εὔπολις, Ἀριστοφάνης, Φερεκράτης, Κράτης, Πλάτων.

iv Anonymous On Comedy (Koster III.11–13, 26–30)

τούτων δέ εἰσιν ἀξιολογώτατοι Ἐπίχαρμος, Μάγνης, Κρατῖνος, Κράτης, Φερεκράτης, Φρύνιχος, Εὔπολις, Ἀριστοφάνης.

Κράτης Ἀθηναῖος. τοῦτον ὑποκριτήν φασι γεγονέναι τὸ πρῶτον, ὃς ἐπιβέβληκε Κρατίνῳ, πάνυ γελοῖος καὶ ἱλαρὸς γενόμενος, καὶ πρῶτος μεθύοντας ἐν κωμῳδίᾳ προήγαγεν. τούτου δράματά ἐστιν ἑπτά.

Φερεκράτης Ἀθηναῖος . . . γενόμενος {ὅ} δε ὑποκριτὴς ἐζήλωσε Κράτητα, καὶ αὖ τοῦ μὲν λοιδορεῖν ἀπέστη.


Crates I


i Crates: of Athens, comic poet; his brother was Epilycus the epic poet. There are seven plays by him: Neighbours, Heroes, Beasts, Lamia, Men-in-Chains, Samians. [He also wrote some prose works.]1

ii There were ten men named Crates. The first is the poet of Old Comedy.

iii There are seven poets of Old Comedy: Epicharmus, Cratinus, Eupolis, Aristophanes, Pherecrates, Crates, Platon.

iv The most noteworthy of these [poets of Old Comedy] are Epicharmus, Magnes, Cratinus, Crates, Pherecrates, Phrynichus, Eupolis, Aristophanes.

Crates of Athens: they say that he was at first an actor who overlapped with Cratinus, very funny and entertaining, the first to bring drunken characters on stage in a comedy. His plays are seven in number.

Pherecrates of Athens: having been first an actor, he followed the example of Crates, and likewise refrained from personal insult.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.crates_i-testimonia_fragments.2011