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Cornelius Nepos

V. Cimon

1. Cimon, Miltiadis filius, Atheniensis, duro admodum initio usus est adulescentiae; nam cum pater eius litem aestimatam populo solvere non potuisset ob eamque causam in vinclis publicis decessisset, Cimon eadem custodia tenebatur neque legibus Atheniensium3 emitti poterat, nisi pecuniam qua 2pater multatus erat solvisset. Habebat autem in matrimonio sororem germanam suam, nomine Elpinicen, non magis amore quam more ductus; namque Atheniensibus licet eodem patre natas uxores ducere. 3Huius coniugii cupidus Callias quidam, non tam generosus quam pecuniosus, qui magnas pecunias ex metallis fecerat, egit cum Cimone ut eam sibi uxorem daret: id si impetrasset, se pro illo pecuniam 4soluturum. Is cum talem condicionem aspernaretur, Elpinice negavit se passuram Miltiadis progeniem in vinclis publicis interire, quoniam prohibere posset,

  • 3Atheniensium, Lambin; Atheniensibus, MSS.
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V. Cimon

V. Cimon

1. Cimon, the Athenian, son of Miltiades, in his early youth suffered great trouble; for since his father had been unable to pay the fine imposed upon him by the people, and therefore had died in the state prison,3 the son also was kept in confinement; and the laws of Athens did not allow him to be set at liberty unless he paid the amount of his father’s fine.4 Now, he had married his own sister Elpinice, led as much by the custom of his country as by affection;5 for it is lawful for the Athenians to marry sisters born of the same father.6 His wife’s hand was sought by a certain Callias, who was rich but not of high birth and had made a great deal of money from the mines.7 He pleaded with Cimon to give Elpinice to him as his wife, saying that on that condition he would pay the fine. Callias scorned such a proposal, but Elpinice declared that she would not allow the son of Miltiades to die in the state prison, when she had the power to prevent

  • 3See i. 7. 6, and the note.
  • 4This is not true; he suffered ἀτιμία, which deprived him of most of the privileges of citizenship.
  • 5It seems impossible to reproduce the word-play, amore . . . more.
  • 6Cf. Praef. 4.
  • 7See note 1, p. 24.
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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.cornelius_nepos-book_great_generals_foreign_nations_cimon.1929