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Cornelius Nepos

XII. Chabrias

1. Chabrias Atheniensis. Hic quoque in summis habitus est ducibus resque multas memoria dignas gessit. Sed ex iis elucet maxime inventum eius in proelio quod apud Thebas fecit, cum Boeotis subsidio 2venisset. Namque in eo victoria fidentem summum ducem Agesilaum fugatis iam ab eo conducticiis catervis coercuit,1 reliquam phalangem loco vetuit cedere obnixoque genu scuto, proiecta hasta impetum excipere hostium docuit. Id novum Agesilaus contuens progredi non est ausus suosque iam incurrentes

  • 1coercuit, added by Wagner.
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XII. Chabrias

XII. Chabrias

1. Chabrias, the Athenian. This man also was rated as one of the greatest of commanders and did many deeds worthy of record. But especially brilliant among these was his device in the battle which he fought near Thebes, when he came to the aid of the Boeotians. On that occasion, though378 b.c. the consummate leader Agesilaus felt sure of victory, since he had already put to flight the throngs of mercenaries, Chabrias checked him, forbade the phalanx, which was left3 unsupported, to abandon its position, and instructed the soldiers to receive the enemy’s onset with buckler on knee and lance advanced. On seeing these novel tactics, Agesilaus did not dare to attack, but although his forces had

  • 3Reliquam phalangem obviously does not mean “the rest of the phalanx,” but the “rest (of the army, namely) the phalanx”; cf. reliquos Pisidas, xiv. 6. 7. Alius is sometimes used in the same way; see Class. Phil, xxiii. pp. 60 ff.
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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.cornelius_nepos-book_great_generals_foreign_nations_chabrias.1929