Venio nunc ad tutelam pecudum silvestrium et1 apium educationem: quas et ipsas, Publi Silvine, villaticas pastiones iure dixerim; siquidem mos antiquus lepusculis capreisque, ac subus feris iuxta villam plerumque subiecta dominicis habitationibus ponebat vivaria, ut et conspectu suo clausa2 venatio possidentis oblectaret oculos, et cum exegisset usus epularum, velut e cella promeretur. Apibus quoque dabatur3 sedes adhuc nostra memoria vel in ipsis villae parietibus excisis, vel in protectis porticibus ac pomariis. Quare quoniam tituli, quem praescripsimus huic disputationi, ratio reddita est, ea nunc quae proposuimus singula persequamur.
I. Ferae pecudes, ut capreoli, dammaeque, nec minus orygum cervorumque genera et aprorum, modo lautitiis ac voluptatibus dominorum serviunt, modo quaestui ac reditibus. Sed qui venationem voluptati suae claudunt, contenti sunt, utcunque competit proximus aedificio loci situs, munire vivarium,
I now come to the care of wild cattle and the Preface. rearing of bees, which also, Publius Silvinus, I can justly place among creatures which are fed on the farm, since ancient custom placed parks for young hares, wild goats and wild boars near the farm, generally within the view of the owner’s dwelling-place, so that the sight of their being hunted within an inclosure might delight the eyes of the proprietor and that when the custom of giving feasts called for game, it might be produced as it were out of store. Also within our own memory accommodation for bees was provided either in holes cut in the actual walls of the farm-building or in sheltered galleries and orchards. So, since we have assigned a reason for the title which we have prefixed to this discourse, let us now proceed to deal, one by one, with the topics which we have proposed.
I. Wild creatures, such as roedeer, chamois and Wild creatures. also scimitar-horned oryx, fallow-deer, and wild boars sometimes serve to enhance the splendour and pleasure of their owners, and sometimes to bring profit and revenue. Those who keep game shut up for their own pleasure are content to construct a park, on any suitable site in the neighbourhood of