Chionides, Testimonia and Fragments

LCL 513: 194-195

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Fragments ΗΡΩΕΣ

1 Pollux 10.43

πολλοὺς ἐγᾦδα κοὐ κατὰ σὲ νεανίας φρουροῦντας ἀτεχνῶς κἀν σάμακι κοιμωμένους.

2 Photius (b, z) α 220

καὶ μὴν μὰ τὸν Δί᾿ οὐδὲν ἔτι γέ μοι δοκῶ ἄγνου διαφέρειν ἐν χαράδρᾳ πεφυκότος.

Fragments Heroes

The Suda (T 1) gives the title as Hero, but all three fragments are cited from the Heroes by Chionides. A “hero” (in Greek, hērōs) was not what we understand the term to be, i.e., as “lead character,” “dashing person of action,” but was a person who after his death was worshipped with rituals and honours. His place of death was considered especially worthy of veneration. Both Crates and Aristophanes wrote comedies with this title.

1 I know of many young men, not at all like you, who go on real guard duty and sleep on a reed mat.

2 By Zeus, I don’t consider myself to be any different from a bullrush growing in a fast-flowing stream.

Brief fragment: (F 3) “seven-year-old.”

Persians or Assyrians

In view of the importance of Persia in fifth-century. Greek history, we will not be surprised if comedy found them a theme to exploit. In tragedy we have Phrynichus’ Phoenician Women (476), which covered similar ground to Aeschylus’ Persians (472). Dionysus in Frogs (405) says that he enjoyed watching the Persians lament in good barbarian fashion, while Eupolis certainly employed a Persian theme in his Maricas (421). Pherecrates wrote a Persians, in which a utopian existence is described. Metagenes combined two fabulously affluent cultures in his Thurio-Persians.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.chionides-testimonia_fragments.2011