Tools

Marcus Cato

oportet bene, qui habeat umorem, aut locum crassum. Ubi erit subactus, areas facito, ut possis dextra sinistraque sarire runcare, ne calcetur. Cum areas deformabis, intervallum facito inter areas semipedem latum in omnes partes. Deinde serito, ad lineam palo grana bina aut terna demittito et eodem palo cavum terra operito. Deinde supra areas stercus spargito bene. Serito secundum 2aequinoctium vernum. Ubi erit natum, herbas crebro purgato cavetoque ne asparagus una cum herba vellatur. Quo anno severis, satum stramentis per hiemem operito, ne praeuratur. Deinde primo vero aperito, sarito runcatoque. Post annum tertium, quam severis, incendito vere primo. Deinde ne ante sarueris, quam asparagus natus erit, ne in sariendo radices laedas. Tertio aut quarto anno 3asparagum vellito ab radice. Nam si defringes, stirpes fient et intermorientur. Usque licebit vellas, donicum in semen videris ire. Semen maturum fit ad autumnum. Ita, cum sumpseris semen, incendito, et cum coeperit asparagus nasci, sarito et stercorato. Post annos VIII aut novem, cum iam est vetus, digerito et in quo loco posturus eris terram bene subigito et stercerato. Deinde fossulas facito, quo 4radices asparagi demittas. Intervallum sit ne minus pedes singulos inter radices asparagi. Evellito, sic circumfodito, ut facile vellere possis; caveto ne frangatur. Stercus ovillum quam plurimum fac ingeras; id est optimum ad eam rem; aliut stercus herbas creat.

CLXII. Salsura pernarum et ofellae Puteolanae.

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On Agriculture

thoroughly ground that is moist, or is heavy soil. When it has been broken, lay off beds, so that you may hoe and weed them in both directions without trampling the beds. In laying off the beds, leave a path a half-foot wide between the beds on each side. Plant along a line, dropping two or three seeds together in a hole made with a stick, and cover with the same stick. After planting, cover the beds thickly with manure; plant after the vernal equinox. When the shoots push up, weed often, being careful not to uproot the asparagus with the weeds. The year it is planted, cover the bed with straw through the winter, so that it will not be frostbitten. Then in the early spring uncover, hoe, and weed. The third year after planting burn it over in the early spring; after this do not work it before the shoots appear, so as not to injure the roots by hoeing. In the third or fourth year you may pull asparagus from the roots; for if you break it off, sprouts will start and die off. You may continue pulling until you see it going to seed. The seed ripens in autumn; when you have gathered it, burn over the bed, and when the asparagus begins to grow, hoe and manure. After eight or nine years, when it is now old, dig it up, after having thoroughly worked and manured the ground to which you are to transplant it, and made small ditches to receive the roots. The interval between the roots of the asparagus should be not less than a foot. In digging, loosen the earth around the roots so that you can dig them easily, and be careful not to break them. Cover them very deep with sheep dung; this is the best for this purpose, as other manure produces weeds.

CLXII. Method of curing hams and Puteolan

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.cato-agriculture.1934