De Bello Hispaniensi
1Pharnace superato, Africa recepta, qui ex his proeliis cum adulescente Cn. Pompeio profugissent, cum . . . et ulterioris Hispaniae potitus esset, dum Caesar muneribus dandis in Italia detinetur, . . . quo facilius praesidia contra compararet, Pompeius in fidem uniuscuiusque civitatis confugere coepit.1 Ita partim precibus partim vi bene magna comparata manu provinciam vastare. Quibus in rebus non nullae civitates sua sponte auxilia mittebant, item non nullae portas contra cludebant. Ex quibus si qua oppida vi ceperat, cum aliquis ex ea civitate optime de Cn. Pompeio meritus civis esset, propter pecuniae magnitudinem alia qua ei inferebatur causa, ut eo de medio sublato ex eius pecunia latronum largitio fieret. Ita paucis commoda ab hoste
- 1 A. Klotz (Teubner, 1927) conjecturally restores the text as follows:—Pharnace . . . proeliis <superfuissent> cum <ad> adulescente<m> Cn. Pompeium profugissent, cum <Baleares appulisset> et ulterioris . . . detinetur, <magnas copias coegerunt. Caesaris autem copiae nil profecerunt>. quo facilius . . . ‘. . . and when those who had survived from these battles had taken refuge with the young Cn. Pompeius, when he had put in at the Balearic Islands and had gained possession of Further Spain, . . . they collected large forces. Caesar’s forces, however, made no headway.’
The Spanish War
1Now that Pharnaces had been overcome and Africa recovered, and those who had made good their escape from these battles with the young Cn. Pompeius1 had . . . and he had gained possession of Further Spain, while Caesar was occupied in Italy exhibiting games, . . . to make it easier to gather(Triumph: Sept. 46.) together defensive forces for the purposes of resistance, Pompeius proceeded to throw himself upon the protection of each individual state. Having in this way mustered a good large force, partly by entreaties, partly by violent measures, he was now playing havoc with the province. In these circumstances some states sent reinforcements of their own accord, while on the other hand some shut their gates against him. And if, whenever he took any of their towns by force, there was any rich citizen of that township who had deserved well of Cn. Pompeius, yet in view of his great wealth some other charge would always be brought against him, in order that he might be done away with and his money used to provide a handsome share-out for the plunderers. This policy enabled a
- 1i.e. the elder of the two sons of Cn. Pompeius Magnus. His departure from Africa before the decisive battle of Thapsus is mentioned in Bell. Afr. ch. 23, where he is described as setting course for the Balearic Islands. From references in Cicero and Dio it appears that he was ill in the summer of 46, but crossed to the mainland of Spain in the autumn and attacked New Carthage. Klotz’s restoration of the sentence could, I think, imply that all the Pompeian survivors—including those from Thapsus—eventually joined the young Pompeius in Spain.